from left to right: Aurora over Alaska, coronal loops seen by TRACE, UV aurora seen by Polar, heliosphere in 
Orion seen by Hubble Space Telescope, magnetosphere schematic, aurora over EISCAT radar, The Sower by Van Gogh, terrestrial clouds, Coronal Mass Ejection 
seen by SoHO, simulation of a cosmic ray shower, lightning over Geneva

📑 All (almost) references in one file in BibTex format

Mike Lockwood ‐ Publications

Under review

435. S. Lu, Z.–Y. Xing, Q.–H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, K. Oksavik, L. R. Lyons, M. Lockwood, Y.–Z. Ma, X.–Y. Wang, B. Nanan, Y. Wang, Z.–X. Deng, T. Xu
Three–dimensional ionospheric plasma properties of a space hurricane
J. Geophys. Res., submitted, March 2023

In Press

434. C.J. Scott, M.N. Wild, L.A Barnard, B. Yu, T. Yokoyama, M.Lockwood, C. Mitchell, and J. Coxon
Calibrating estimates of ionospheric long–term change
Annales Geophys., in press, June 2024
preprint and discussion from journal (doi:10.5194/egusphere-2023-2599)

2024

433. S. Lu, Z.–Y. Xing, Q.–H. Zhang, Y.–L. Zhang, K. Oksavik, L. R. Lyons, M. Lockwood, Y.–Z. Ma, X.–Y. Wang, Z.–X. Deng, T. Xu, G.–J. Li, Y. Wang, D. Zhang
A statistical study of space hurricanes in the Southern Hemisphere
J. Geophys. Res., 129, e2024JA032753, doi: 10.1029/2024JA032753, 2024
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

432.M. J. Owens, L. A. Barnard, R. Muscheler, K. Herbst, M. Lockwood, I. G. Usoskin, E. Asvestari
A Geomagnetic Estimate of Heliospheric Modulation Potential Over the Last 175 Years
Solar Physics, 299, 84, doi: 10.1007/s11207-024-02316-9, 2024
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

431. H. Hayakawa, K. Murata, M. J. Owens, M. Lockwood
Analyses for Graphical Records for a Total Solar Eclipse in 1230 May: A Possible Reference for the “Medieval Grand Maximum”
M.N.R.A.S., 530, 3150–3159, doi: 10.1093/mnras/stad3874, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

430. S.L. Yardley, D. H. Brooks, R. D′Amicis, C.J. Owen, D. M. Long, D. Baker, P. Démoulin, M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, T. Mihailescu, J. T. Coburn, R. M. Dewey, D. Müller, G. H. H. Suen, N. Ngampoopun, P. Louarn, S. Livi1, S. Lepri, A. Fludra, M. Haberreiter and U. Schuehle
Multi–source connectivity drives solar wind variability in the heliosphere
Nature Astronomy, doi: 10.1038/s41550-024-02278-9
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

429. M. Lockwood, and S. Bowler
Mike Lockwood, RAS President
Astronomy & Geophysics,65, (2), 2.42–2.43, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atae019, 2024
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

428. M.Lockwood and M. J. Owens
Reconstruction of Carrington Rotation means of Open Solar Flux over the past 154 years
Solar Physics, 299, 28, 2024. doi: 10.1007/s11207-024-02268-02024
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

427. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, L.A. Barnard, I.G. Usoskin, H.H. Hayakawa, B.J.S. Pope, and K.G. McCracken
Reconstructing sunspot number by forward–modelling open solar flux
Solar Physics, 299, article #3, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

426. Z.–F. Xiu, Y.–Z. Ma, Q.–H. Zhang, S.–R. Zhang, Y.–L. Zhang, K. Oksavik, L. R. Lyons, M. Lockwood, X.–Y. Wang
Direct Observation of the Space Hurricane Disturbed Polar Thermosphere
Geophys. Res. Lett., 51, e2023GL106735, doi: 10.1029/2023GL1067352024
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

2023

425. M. Lockwood
Universal Time effects on substorm growth phases and onsets
J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, 128, e2023JA031671, doi: 10.1029/2023JA031671, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

424. M. Lockwood
Causes of Hemispheric Differences in Polar Cap Indices
J. atmos. sol.–terr. Phys, 252, article # 106153, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2023.106153, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

423. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, L.A. Barnard, S.L. Yardley, H. Hietala, A.T.LaMoury, L. Vuorinen
Annual Variations in the Near–Earth Solar Wind
Solar Physics, 298, article # 111, doi: 10.1007/s11207-023-02193-8
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

422. B. Yu, Y. Chi, C.J. Scott, C. Shen, M. Xu, L.A. Barnard, M.J. Owens, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and M. Lockwood
Tianwen–1 and MAVEN Observations of the Response of Mars to an Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection
Astrophys. J., 953, 105 (10pp), doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/acdcf8, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

421. S.L. Yardley , C.J. Owen, D. M. Long , D. Baker , D. H. Brooks, V. Polito, L. M. Green , S. Matthews , M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, D. Stansby, A.W. James, G. Valori, A. Giunta, M. Janvier, N. Ngampoopun, T. Mihailescu, A. S. H. To, L. van Driel–Gesztelyi, P. Démoulin, R. D′Amicis, R.J. French , A.P. Roulliard, R. Pinto, Victor Réville, C. J. Watson, A. Walsh, A. De Groof, D. R. Williams, Y. Zouganelis, D. Müller,, D. Berghmans, F. Auchère, L. Harra, U. Schuehle, K. Barczynski, É. Buchlin, P. Chitta, R. A. Cuadrado, E. R' D′Amicisandal, S. Parenti, H. Peter, L. Rodriguez, C. Schwanitz, P. Smith, L. Teriaca, C. Verbeeck, A. Zhukov, T. Horbury, and S.K. Solanki
Slow solar wind connection science during Solar Orbiter's first close perihelion passage
Astrophys. J. Supplement Series, 267, 11 (19pp), doi: 10.3847/1538-4365/acd24b, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

420.Y. Chi, C. Shen, Y. Liu, Z. Zong, M. J. Owens, C. J. Scott, L. A. Barnard, B. Yu , D. Heyner, H.–U. Auster, I. Richter, Y. Wang, T. Zang, J. Guo, B. Sanchez–Cano, Z. Pan, Z. Zou, M. Xu, L. Cheng, Z. Su, D. Mao, Z. Zang, C. Wang, Z. Wu, G. Wang, S. Xiao, K. Liu, X. Hao, Y. Li, M. Chen, and M. Lockwood
Multipoint Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections Observed with BepiColombo, Tianwen-1 and MAVEN
Atrophys. J., 951, L14 (10pp), doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/acd7e7, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

419. M. Lockwood
Northern and Southern Hemisphere Polar Cap Indices: to what extent do they agree and to what extent should they agree?
J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, 128, e2023JA031464, doi: 10.1029/2023JA031464, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

418. L.A. Barnard, M.J. Owens, C.J. Scott, M. Lang, M. Lockwood
SIR–HUXt – a particle filter data assimilation scheme for CME time-elongation profiles
Space Weather, 21, e2023SW003487, doi: 10.1029/2023SW003487, 2023
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

417. F. Clette, L. Lefèvre, T. Chatzistergos, H. Hayakawa, V.M. Carrasco, R. Arlt, E.W. Cliver, T. Dudok de Wit, T.K. Friedli, N. Karachik, G. Kopp, M. Lockwood, S. Mathieu, A. Muñoz–Jaramillo, M. Owens, D. Pesnell, A. Pevtsov, L. Svalgaard, I. G. Usoskin, L. van Driel–Gesztelyi, J.M. Vaquerov
Recalibration of the Sunspot Number: Status Report
Solar Physics, 298, 3, Article ♯: 44. doi: 10.1007/s11207-023-02136-3 (2023) ★ reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

416. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, and L.A. Barnard
J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, 128, e2022JA031177, doi: 10.1029/2022JA031177 (2023)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

415. M. Lockwood, and S.E. Milan
Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 10, 1139295, doi: 10.3389/fspas.2023.1139295 (2023)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

414. X.–Y. Wang, Q.–H. Zhang, C. Wang, Y.–L. Zhang, B.–B. Tang, Z.–Y. Xing, K. Oksavik, L.R. Lyons, M. Lockwood, Q.–G. Zong, J. Liu, Y.–Z. Ma, and Y. Wang
Unusual shrinkage and reshaping of Earth's magnetosphere under a strong northward interplanetary magnetic field
Communications Earth & Environment, 4, 31 (8pp.), doi: 10.1038/s43247-023-00700-0 (2023)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

2022

413. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, S.L. Yardley, I.O.I. Virtanen, A. Yeates, and A. Mũnoz–Jaramillo
Application of historic datasets to understanding Open Solar Flux and the 20th-century Grand Solar Maximum. 2. Solar observations
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 9, 976444, doi: 10.3389/fspas.2022.976444, (2022)
reprint from Journal
📑 BibTex

412. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, A.Frost, B. Yu and Y. Chi
Application of historic datasets to understanding Open Solar Flux and the 20th-century Grand Solar Maximum. 1. Geomagnetic, ionospheric and sunspot observations
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 9, 960775, doi: 10.3389/fspas.2022.960775 (2022)
reprint from Journal
supplemetary materials data file
indices and reconstruction time series (ascii file)
📑 BibTex

411. P. Forster, T. Storelvmo, K. Armour, W. Collins, J.L. Dufresne, D. Frame, D.J. Lunt, T. Mauritsen, M.D. Palmer, M. Watanabe, M. Wild, H. Zhang plus 37 contributing authors including M. Lockwood
The Earth's Energy Budget, Climate Feedbacks, and Climate Sensitivity
Chapter 7 in: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [eds. Masson – Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M. I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T. K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu and B. Zhou]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 923–1054, doi: 10.1017/9781009157896.009 (2021)
reprint of Chapter
preprint of full report from IPCC
📑 BibTex

410. M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, B.J.S. Pope, M. Lockwood, I.G. Usoskin, and E. Asvestari
Solar Energetic Particle "Ground–Level Enhancements" and the Solar Cycle
Solar Physics, 297, 10, doi: 10.1007/s11207-022-02037-x (2022)
📑 BibTex

409. M.J. Owens, N. Chakraborty, H. Turner, M. Lang, P. Riley, M. Lockwood, L.A. Barnard and Y. Chi
Rate of Change of Large–Scale Solar Wind Structure
Solar Physics, 297, 83, doi: 10.1007/s11207-022-02006-4 (2022)
reprint from Journal
📑 BibTex

408. A. M. Frost, M.J. Owens, A. Macneil and M. Lockwood
Estimating the Open Solar Flux from In–Situ Measurements
Solar Physics, 297, 82, doi: 10.1007/s11207-022-02004-6 (2022)
reprint from Journal
📑 BibTex

407. M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
Magnetosphere–Ionosphere coupling: implications of non–equilibrium conditions
Frontiers Astron. and Space Sci., 9, 908571, doi: 10.3389/fspas.2022.908571 (2022)
reprint from Journal
📑 BibTex

406. Y. Chi, C. Shen, C.J. Scott, M. Xu, M.J. Owens, Y. Wang, and M. Lockwood
Predictive Capabilities of Corotating Interaction Regions using STEREO and Wind in-situ observations
Space Weather, 20, e2022SW003112, doi: 10.1029/2022SW003112 (2022)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

405. M. Lockwood
The joined–up magnetosphere
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 9, 856188, doi: 10.3389/fspas.2022.856188 (2022)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

404. M. Lockwood
In praise of mistakes
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 9, 852798, doi: 10.3389/fspas.2022.852798 (2022)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

403. M. Lockwood
Solar wind – magnetosphere coupling functions: pitfalls, limitations and applications
Space Weather, 20, e2021SW002989, doi: 10.1029/2021SW002989 (2022)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

402. C. Haines, M. M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, M. Lockwood, C.D. Beggan, A.M.P. Thomson, and N. Rogers
Towards GIC forecasting: Increasing the time resolution of magnetic forecasts using statistical downscaling
Space Weather, 20, e2021SW002903, doi: 10.1029/2021SW002903 (2022)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

2021

401. L.A. Barnard, M.J. Owens, C.J. Scott, M. Lockwood, C. de Koning, T. Amerstorfer, J. Hinterreiter, C. Mostl, J.A. Davies and P. Riley
Quantifying the uncertainty in CME kinematics derived from geometric modelling of Heliospheric Imager data
Space Weather 19, e2021SW002841, doi 10.1029/2021SW002841 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

400. M. Lockwood, and K.A. McWilliams
On optimum solar wind – magnetosphere coupling functions for transpolar voltage and planetary geomagnetic activity
J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 126, e2021JA029946, doi 10.1029/2021JA029946 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

399. M. Lockwood, and K.A. McWilliams
A survey of 25 years' transpolar voltage data from the SuperDARN radar network and the Expanding–Contracting Polar Cap model
J. Geophys. Res., 126, e2021JA029554, doi: 10.1029/2021JA029554 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

398. Y. Chi, C.J. Scott, L.A. Barnard, M.J. Owens, M. Xu, J. Zhang, S. Jones, Z. Zhong, B. Yu, M. Lang, Y. Wand and M. Lockwood
Modelling the observed distortion of multiple (ghost) CME fronts in STEREO Heliospheric imagers
Astrophys. J., Lett., 917, L16, doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac1203 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

397. B. Yu, C.J. Scott, X. Xue, X. Yue, Y. Chi, X. Dou and M. Lockwood
A signature of 27–day solar rotation in the concentration of metallic ions within the terrestrial ionosphere
Astrophys. J., 916, 106, doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0886 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

396. C. Haines, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, M. Lockwood, A. Ruffenach, K. Boykin, R. McGranaghan
Forecasting Occurrence and Intensity of Geomagnetic Activity with Pattern–Matching Approaches
Space Weather, 19, e2020SW002624, doi: 10.1029/2020SW002624 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

395. M. Lockwood, and M.J. Owens
Cosmic Meteorology
Astron. and Geophys., 62 (3), 3.12–3.19, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atab065 (2021)
preprint from arXiv
📑 BibTex

394. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, C. Haines
Extreme space–weather events and the solar cycle
Solar Physics, 296, 82 doi: 10.1007/s11207-021-01831-3 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

393. Q.–H. Zhang, Y.–L. Zhang, C. Wang, K. Oksavik, L.R. Lyons, M. Lockwood, H.–G. Yang, B.–B. Tang, J.I. Moen, Z.–Y. Xing, Y.–Z. Ma, X.–Y. Wang, Y.–F. Ning and L.–D. Xia
A space hurricane over the Earth's polar ionosphere
Nature Comms., 12, 1207, doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-21459-y (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

392. M. Lockwood, C.A. Haines, L.A. Barnard, J. Owens, C.J. Scott, A. Chambodut, and K.A. McWilliams
Semi‐annual, annual and Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere and in geomagnetic activity: 4. Polar Cap motions and origins of the Universal Time effect
J. Space Weather and Space Climate, 11, 15, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020077 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

391. H. Hayakawa, M. Lockwood, M. J. Owens, M. Sôma, B.P. Besser, L. van Driel‐Gesztelyi
Graphical Evidence for the Solar Coronal Structure during the Maunder Minimum: Comparative Study of the Total Eclipse Drawings in 1706 and 1715
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 11, 1, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020035 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

390. A. Mcneil, M.J. Owens, R.T. Wicks, M. Lockwood
Evolving Solar Wind Flow Properties of Magnetic Inversions Observed by Helios
Mon. Not. R.A.S., 501, 5379–5392, doi: 10.1093/mnras/staa3983 (2021)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

2020

389. M.J. M.J. Owens, M. Lang, and P. Riley, M. Lockwood, and A.S. Lawless
Quantifying the latitudinal representivity of in situ solar wind observations
J. Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, 8.1–8.14, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020009 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex
388. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.E. Watt, C.J. Scott, J.C. Coxon and K.A. McWilliams
Semi‐annual, annual and Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere and in geomagnetic activity: 3. Modelling
J. Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, 61 doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020062 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

387. R.G. Harrison and M. Lockwood
Rapid indirect solar responses observed in the lower atmosphere
Proc Roy.Soc. A, 476, 20200164, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2020.0164 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

386. M. Lockwood
Editorial: citation malpractice
Proc Roy.Soc. A, 476, 20200746, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2020.0746 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

385. H. Hayakawa, M. J. Owens, M. Lockwood, M. Sôma
The Solar Corona during the Total Eclipse on 16 June 1806: Graphical Evidence of the Coronal Structure during the Dalton Minimum
Astrophys. J., 900, 114, doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9807 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

384. Y. Chi, C. Scott C. Shen, M. Owens, M. Lang, M. Xu, Z. Zhong, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and M. Lockwood
Using ghost fronts of CMEs to predict the arrival time and speed of CME at Venus and Earth
Astrophys. J., 899, 143, doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aba95a (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

383. T.S. Horbury, H. O'Brien, I. Carrasco Blazquez, M. Bendyk, P. Brown, R. Hudson, V. Evans, T.M..Oddy, C.M. Carr, T.J.Beek, S. Bhattacharya, J.‐A.Dominguez, L. Matthews, V. R. Myklebust, B. Whiteside, S. Bale, W.Baumjohann, B. Bavassano, D. Burgess, V. Carbone, P. Cargill, J. Eastwood, G. Erdös, L. Fletcher, R. Forsyth, J. Giacalone, K.‐H. Glaßmeier, M. Goldstein, T. Hoeksema, M. Lockwood, W. Magnes, M. Maksimovic, E. Marsch, W.Matthaeus, N. Murphy, V. M. Nakariakov, C. J. Owen, M.J. Owens, J. Rodriguez‐Pacheco, J.‐L. Pincon, I. Richter, P. Riley, C. T. Russell, S. Schwartz, R. Vainio, M. Velli, S. Vennerstrom, R. Walsh, R. F. Wimmer‐Schweingruber, G. Zank, D. Müller, Y. Zouganelis, and A. Walsh
The Solar Orbiter magnetometer
Astron. and Astrophys., 642, A9, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937257 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

382. M. Lockwood, K.A. McWilliams, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.E. Watt, C.J. Scott, A. McNeill and J.C. Coxon
Semi‐annual, annual and Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere and in geomagnetic activity: 2. Response to solar wind power input and relationships with solar wind dynamic pressure and magnetospheric flux transport
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 10, 30, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020033 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

381. Q.–H. Zhang, Y.–L. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Lockwood, H.–G. Yang, B.–B. Tang, Z.–Y. Xing, K. Oksavik, L.R. Lyons, Y.–Z. Ma, Q.–G. Zong, J. I. Moen, and L.–D. Xia
Multiple transpolar auroral arcs reveal new insight about coupling processes in the Earth's magnetotail
PNAS, 202000614, doi: 10.1073/pnas.2000614117 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

380. M. Lockwood and W.T. Ball
Placing limits on long‐term variations in quiet‐Sun irradiance and their contribution to total solar irradiance and solar radiative forcing of climate
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 476, 20200077, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2020.0077 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

379. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, and L.A. Barnard
The value of CME arrival time forecasts for space weather mitigation
Space Weather, 18, e2020SW002507, doi: 10.1029/2020SW002507 (2020)
reprint from journal
also published in AGU Commentaries
📑 BibTex

378. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C. Haines, C.JV Scott, K.A. McWilliams, and J.C. Coxon
Semi‐annual, annual and Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere and in geomagnetic activity: 1. Geomagnetic data
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 10, 23, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020023 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

377. A.R. Macneil, M.J. Owens, R.T. Wicks, M. Lockwood, S.N. Bentley and M. Lang
The Evolution of Inverted Magnetic Fields Through the Inner Heliosphere
Mon. Not. R.A.S., 494, 3642‐3655, doi: 10.1093/mnras/staa951 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

376. R.G.Harrison, K.A. Nicoll, M.H.P. Ambaum, G.J. Marlton, K.L. Aplin, and M. Lockwood
Precipitation modification by ionization
Phys. Rev. Lett., 198701, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.198701 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

375. M.J. Owens, M. Lang, L. Barnard, P. Riley, M. Ben‐Nun, C.J. Scott, M. Lockwood, M. A. Reiss, C. N. Arge, S. Gonzi
A Computationally Efficient, Time‐Dependent Model of the Solar Wind for Use as a Surrogate to Three‐Dimensional Numerical Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation
Solar Physics. 295, 43, doi: 10.1007/s11207-020-01605-3 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

374. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood; A. Macneill and D. Stansby
Signatures of coronal loop opening via interchange reconnection in the slow solar wind at 1 AU
Solar Physics, 295, 37, doi: 10.1007/s11207-020-01601-7 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

373. A.R. Macneil, M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, S. Štverák, and C.J. Owen
Radial Evolution of Sunward Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere
Solar Physics, 295, 16, doi: 10.1007/s11207-019-1579-3 (2020)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

2019

372. C. A. Haines, M.J. Owens, L. A. Barnard, M. Lockwood, and A. Ruffenach
The Variation Of Geomagnetic Storm Duration With Intensity
Solar Physics, 294, 154, doi: 10.1007/s11207-019-1546-z (2019)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

371. E. Hawkins, S. Burt, P. Brohan, M. Lockwood, H. Richardson, M. Roy and S. Thomas
Hourly weather observations from the Scottish Highlands (1883‐1904) rescued by volunteer citizen scientists
Geoscience Data Journal, 6 (2), 160‐173, doi: 10.1002/gdj3.79 (2019)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

370. M. Lockwood
Does adding solar wind Poynting flux improve the optimum solar wind‐magnetosphere coupling function?
J. Geophys. Res. (Space Physics), 124 (7), 5498‐5515, doi: 10.1029/2019JA026639 (2019)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

369. M.J. Owens, P. Riley M. Lang, and M. Lockwood
Near‐Earth solar wind forecasting using corotation from L5: The error introduced by heliographic latitude offset
Space Weather, 17, 1105‐1113, doi: 10.1029/2019SW002204 (2019)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

368. M. Lockwood, M. J. Owens and A. Macneil
On the origin of ortho‐gardenhose heliospheric flux
Solar Phys., 294, 58, doi: 10.1007/s11207-019-1478-7 (2019)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

367. M. Lockwood, A. Chambodut , I. D. Finch, L. A. Barnard , M. J. Owens and C. Haines
Time‐of‐day / time‐of‐year response functions of planetary geomagnetic indices
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 9, A20, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2019017 (2019)
reprint from journal
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366. S. Bentley, C. Watt, J. Rae, M. Owens, K. Murphy, M. Lockwood, and J. Sandhu
Capturing uncertainty in magnetospheric ultra‐low frequency wave models
Space Weather, 17, 599‐618, doi: 10.1029/2018SW002102 (2019)
reprint from journal
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365. M. Lockwood, S. Bentley, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, C.E. Watt, O. Allanson and M.P. Freeman
The development of a space climatology: 3. The evolution of distributions of space weather parameters with timescale
Space Weather, 17, 180‐209, doi: 10.1029/2018SW002017 (2019)
reprint from journal
Supplementary Information File
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364. M. Lockwood
Editorial 2019
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 475 (2221), 20190005, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2019.0005 (2019)
reprint from journal
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363. M. Lockwood, S. Bentley, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, C.E. Watt, O. Allanson and M.P. Freeman
The development of a space climatology: 2. The distribution of power input into the magnetosphere on a 3‐hourly timescale
Space Weather, 17, 157‐179, doi: 10.1029/2018SW002016 (2019)
reprint from journal
Supplementary Information File
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362. M. Lockwood, S. Bentley, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, C.E. Watt, and O. Allanson
The development of a space climatology: 1. Solar‐wind magnetosphere coupling as a function of timescale and the effect of data gaps
Space Weather, 17, 133‐156, doi: 10.1029/2018SW001856 (2019)
reprint from journal
Supplementary Information File
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2018

361. M. Lockwood, I.D. Finch, A. Chambodut, L.A. Barnard, M.J. Owens, and E. Clarke
A homogeneous aa index: 2. hemispheric asymmetries and the equinoctial variation
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8, A58, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2018044 (2018)
reprint fom journal
Supplementary Material: 3 hourly values of the new aa index
Supplementary Material: Daily values new aa index
📑 BibTex

360. M. Lockwood, A. Chambodut, L.A. Barnard, M.J. Owens, E. Clarke, and V. Mendel
A homogeneous aa index: 1. Secular variation
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8, A53, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2018038 (2018)
reprint fom journal
Supplementary Material: annual means of the new aa index
Supplementary Material: factors used to derive new aa index
📑 BibTex

359. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, P. Riley, and L.A. Barnard
Long‐term variations in the heliosphere
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 13(S340), 108‐114. doi: 10.1017/S1743921318000972 (2018)
reprint from journal:
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358. M. Lockwood
Seasons of MISTs and mellow fruitfulness
Astron. and Geophys., 59 (6), 6.14‐6.18, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/aty272 (2018)
reprint from journal
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357. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, L.A. Barnard, and A.R. MacNeil
Generation of inverted heliospheric magnetic flux by coronal loop opening and slow solar wind release
Astrophys. J. Lett., 868, L14, doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaee82 (2018)
📑 BibTex

356. M. J. Owens, M. Lockwood and L.A. Barnard
Ion charge states and potential geoeffectiveness: The role of coronal spectroscopy for space‐weather forecasting
Space Weather, 16 , 694‐703, doi: 10.1029/2018SW001855 (2018)
reprint from journal
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355. L.A. Barnard, K.G. McCracken, M.J. Owens, and M. Lockwood
What can the annual 10Be solar activity reconstructions tell us about historic space weather?
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8, A23, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2018014 (2018)
reprint from journal
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354. Q.–H. Zhang, M. Lockwood, J. C. Foster, Q.–G. Zong, M. W. Dunlop, S.‐R. Zhang, J.I. Moen, and B.‐C. Zhang
Observations of the step‐like accelerating processes of cold ions in the reconnection layer at the dayside magnetopause
Science Bulletin, 63 (1), 31‐37, doi: 10.1016/j.scib.2018.01.003 (2018)
reprint from journal
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353. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, C.E. Watt and S. Bentley
Space Climate and Space Weather over the past 400 years: 2. Proxy indicators of geomagnetic storm and substorm occurrence
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8, A12, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2017048 (2018)
reprint from journal
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2017

352. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, P. Riley and J. Linker
Sunward strahl: A method to unambiguously determine open solar flux from in situ spacecraft measurements using suprathermal electron data
J. Geophys. Res., Space Physics, 122, 10,980‐10,989. doi: 10.1002/2017JA024631 (2017)
reprint from journal
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351. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, E. Hawkins, I.G. Usoskin, G.S. Jones, L.A. Barnard, A. Schurer, and J. Fasullo
The Maunder Minimum and the Little Ice Age: An update from recent reconstructions and climate simulations
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 7, A33, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2017034 (2017)
reprint from journal
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350. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, and C.E. Watt
Space Climate and Space Weather over the past 400 years: 1. The Power input to the Magnetosphere
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 7, A25, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2017019 (2017)
reprint from journal
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349. M.K. James, S.M. Imber, E.J. Bunce, T.K.Yeoman, M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens and J.A. Slavin
Interplanetary magnetic field properties and variability near Mercury's orbit
J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 7907‐7924, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024435 (2017)
reprint from journal
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348. Q.‐H. Zhang, Y. Ma, P. T. Jayachandran, J. Moen, M. Lockwood, Y.‐L. Zhang, J. C. Foster, S.&8208;R., Zhang, Y. Wang, D. R. Themens, B.‐C. Zhang, and Z.Y. Xing
Polar cap hot patches: enhanced density structures different from the classical patches in the ionosphere
Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 8159‐8167, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073439 (2017)
reprint from journal
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347. S. Thomas, M. Owens, M. Lockwood, and C. Owens
Decadal trends in the diurnal variation of galactic cosmic rays observed using neutron monitor data
Annales Geophys., 35, 825‐838 doi: 10.5194/angeo-35-825-2017 (2017)
reprint from journal
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346. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, and L.A. Barnard
Coronal mass ejections are not coherent magnetohydrodynamic structures
Nature, Scientific Reports, 7, 4152, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04546-3 (2017)
reprint from journal
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345. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, S.M. Imber, M.K. James, E.J. Bunce, and T.K. Yeoman
Coronal and heliospheric magnetic flux circulation and its relation to open solar flux evolution
J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122 (6), 5870‐5894, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023644 (2017)
reprint from journal
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344. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, E. Hawkins, G.S. Jones and I.G. Usoskin
Frost fairs, sunspots and the Little Ice Age
Astronomy and Geophysics, 58 (2), 2.17‐2.23, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atx057 (2017)
reprint from journal
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343. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, P. Riley
Global solar wind variations over the last four centuries
Nature, Scientific Reports., 7, 41548, doi: 10.1038/srep41548 (2017)
reprint from journal
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2016

342. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard
Tests of sunspot number sequences: 4. Discontinuities around 1945 in various sunspot number and sunspot group number reconstructions
Sol. Phys., 291, 2843‐2867, doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0967-1 (2016)
reprint from journal
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341. Q.‐H. Zhang, J.I. Moen, M. Lockwood, I. McCrea, B.‐C. Zhang, K. A. McWilliams, Q.‐G. Zong, S.‐R. Zhang, J. M. Ruohoniemi, E. G. Thomas, M. Dunlop, R.‐Y. Liu, H.‐Q. Hu, and M. Lester
Polar cap patch transportation beyond the classic scenario
J. geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 9063‐9074, doi: 10.1002/2016JA022443 (2016)
reprint from journal
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340. M.J. Owens, E. Cliver, K. McCracken, J. Beer, L.A. Barnard, M. Lockwood, A.P. Rouillard, D. Passos, P. Riley, I.G. Usoskin, Y.‐M. Wang
Near‐Earth Heliospheric Magnetic Field Intensity since 1800. Part 2: Cosmogenic Radionuclide Reconstructions
J. Geophys. Res., 121 (7), 6064‐6074, doi: 10.1002/2016JA022550 (2016)
reprint from journal
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339. M.J. Owens, E. Cliver, K. McCracken, J. Beer, L.A. Barnard, M. Lockwood, A.P. Rouillard, D. Passos, P. Riley, I.G. Usoskin, Y.‐M. Wang
Near‐Earth Heliospheric Magnetic Field Intensity since 1800. Part 1: Sunspot and Geomagnetic Reconstructions
J. Geophys. Res., 121 (7), 6048‐6063, doi: 10.1002/2016JA022529 (2016)
reprint from journal
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338. M. Lockwood
Jim Dungey, the open magnetosphere, and space weather
Space Weather, 14, 380‐383, doi: 10.1002/2016SW001438 (2016)
reprint from journal
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337. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard S. Bentley, C.J. Scott, and C.E. Watt
On the Origins and Timescales of Geoeffective IMF
Space Weather, 14, 406‐432, doi: 10.1002/2016SW001375 (2016)
reprint from journal
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336. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, C.J. Scott, I.G. Usoskin, and H. Nevanlinna
Tests of sunspot number sequences: 2. Using geomagnetic and auroral data
Sol. Phys., 291, 2811‐2828, doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0913-2 (2016)
reprint from journal
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335. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, E. L.A. Barnard, and I.G. Usoskin,
An assessment of sunspot number data composites over 1845‐2014
Astrophys. J., 824, 54, doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/824/1/54 (2016)
preprint from arXiv
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334. Y. Wang, Q.‐H. Zhang, P.T. Jayachandran, M. Lockwood, S.‐R. Zhang, J. Moen, Z.‐Y. Xing, Y.‐Z. Ma, and M.E. Lester
A comparison between large‐scale irregularities and scintillations in the polar ionosphere
Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 4790‐4798, doi: 10.1002/2016GL069230 (2016)
reprint from journal . 📑 BibTex

333. Q.‐H. Zhang, Q.‐G. Zong, M. Lockwood, R.A. Heelis, M. Hairston, J. Liang, I.W. McCrea, B.‐C. Zhang, J.I. Moen, S.‐R. Zhang, Y.‐L. Zhang, J.M. Ruohoniemi, M. Lester, E.G. Thomas, R.‐Y. Liu, M.W. Dunlop, Y.C.‐M. Liu and Y.Z. Ma
Earth's ion upflow associated with polar cap patches: global and in‐situ observations
Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(5), 1845‐1853, doi: 10.1002/2016GL067897 (2016)
reprint from journal . 📑 BibTex

332. M. Lockwood, C.J. Scott, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard and D.M. Willis
Tests of sunspot number sequences: 1. Using ionosonde data
Sol. Phys., 291, 2785‐2809, doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0855-8 (2016)
reprint from journal . 📑 BibTex

331. I. G. Usoskin, G.A. Kovaltsov, M. Lockwood, K. Mursula, M.J. Owens, and S.K. Solanki
A new calibrated sunspot group series since 1749: statistics of active day fractions
Sol. Phys., 291, 2685‐2708, doi: 10.1007/s11207-015-0838-1 (2016)
reprint from journal
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330. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L.A. Barnard, and I.G. Usoskin
Tests of sunspot number sequences: 3. Effects of regression procedures on the calibration of historic sunspot data
Sol. Phys., 291, 2829‐2841, doi: 10.1007/s11207-015-0829-2 (2016)
reprint from journal
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2015

329. M.J. Owens, C.J. Scott, A.J. Bennett, S.R. Thomas, M. Lockwood, and R.G. Harrison
Lightning as a space‐weather hazard: UK thunderstorm activity modulated by the passage of the heliospheric current sheet
Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 9624‐9632, doi: 10.1002/2015GL066802 (2015)
reprint from journal
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328. L. Barnard, C.J. Scott, M. Owens, M. Lockwood, S.R. Crothers, J.A.Davies, R.A. Harrison
Differences between the CME fronts tracked by an expert, an automated algorithm and the Solar Stormwatch project
Space Weather, 13, 709‐725, doi: 10.1002/2015SW001280 (2015)
reprint from journal
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327. A. C. Maycock, S. Ineson, L. J. Gray, A. A. Scaife, J. A. Anstey, M. Lockwood, N. Butchart, S. C. Hardiman, D. M. Mitchell, and S. M. Osprey
Possible impacts of a future Grand Solar Minimum on climate: Stratospheric and global circulation changes
J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 120, 9043‐9058, doi: 10.1002/2014JD022022 (2015)
reprint from journal
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326. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, L. Barnard, K. McCracken
The heliospheric Hale cycle over the last 300 years and its implications for a "lost" late 18th century solar cycle
J. Space Weather Space Clim., 5, A30, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2015032 (2015)
reprint from journal
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325. I. G. Usoskin, R. Arlt, E. Asvestari, E. Hawkins, M. Käpylä, G.A. Kovaltsov, N. Krivova, M. Lockwood, K. Mursula, J. O'Reilly, M. Owens, C. J. Scott, D. D. Sokoloff, S. K. Solanki, W. Soon, and J. M. Vaquero
The Maunder minimum (1645-1715) was indeed a Grand minimum: A reassessment of multiple datasets
Astron. and Astophys., 581, A95, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201526652 (2015)
preprint from arXiv
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324. Q. H. Zhang, M. Lockwood, J.C. Foster, S. R. Zhang, B. C. Zhang, I.W. McCrea, J. Moen, M. Lester and J.M. Ruohoniemi
Direct observations of the full Dungey convection cycle in the polar ionosphere for southward interplanetary magnetic field conditions
J. Geophys. Res. (Space), 120 (6), 4519‐4530, doi: 10.1002/2015JA021172 (2015)
reprint from journal
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323. L. Barnard C.J. Scott, M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, K. Tucker‐Hood, J. Wilkinson, B. Harder, and E. Baeten
Solar Stormwatch: tracking solar eruptions
Astron. and Geophys., 56 (4), 4.20‐4.24, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atv131 (2015)
reprint from journal
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322. M. Lockwood and L. Barnard
An arch in the UK: a new catalogue of auroral observations made in the British Isles and Ireland
Astron. and Geophys., 56 (4), 4.25‐4.30, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atv132 (2015)
reprint from journal
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321. C. Huntingford, T. Marsh, A.A. Scaife, E.J. Kendon, J. Hannaford, A.L. Kay, M. Lockwood, C. Prudhomme, N.S. Reynard, S. Parry, J.A. Lowe, J.A. Screen, H.C. Ward, M. Roberts, P.A. Stott, V.A. Bell, M. Bailey, A. Jenkins, T. Legg, F.E.L. Otto, N. Massey, N. Schaller, J. Slingo and M.R. Allen
Reply to "Drivers of the 2013/14 winter floods in the UK"
Nature Climate Change, 5 (6), 491‐492, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2613 (2015)
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320. S. Ineson, A.C. Maycock, L. J. Gray, A.A. Scaife, N.J. Dunstone, J.W. Harder, J.R. Knight, M. Lockwood, J.C. Manners and R.A. Wood
Regional Climate Impacts of a Possible Future Grand Solar Minimum
Nature Communications, 6, 7535, doi: 10.1038/ncomms8535 (2015)
reprint from journal
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319. D. Frühauff, K.‐H. Glaßmeier, M. Lockwood and D. Heyner
Extracting planetary waves from geomagnetic time series using Empirical Mode Decomposition
J. Atmos. and Sol.‐Terr. Phys., 129, 6‐12. doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.04.002 (2015)
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318. P. Riley, R. Lionello, J. A. Linker, E. Cliver, A. Balogh, J. Beer, P. Charbonneau, N. Crooker, M. DeRosa, M. Lockwood, M. Owens, K. McCracken, I. Usoskin, S. Koutchmy
Inferring the Structure of the Solar Corona and Inner Heliosphere During the Maunder Minimum using Global Thermodynamic MHD Simulations
Astrophys. J., 802, 105, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/802/2/105 (2015)
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317. K. Aplin and M. Lockwood
Further considerations of cosmic ray modulation of infra‐red radiation in the atmosphere
Astroparticle Physics, 68, 52‐60, doi: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.03.001 (2015)
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316. S.R. Thomas, M.J. Owens, and M. Lockwood, L. Barnard, C.J. Scott
Near‐earth cosmic ray decreases associated with remote coronal mass ejections
Astrophys. J., 801, 5, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/801/1/5 (2015)
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2014

315. N.L. Bindoff, P.A. Stott, K.M. AchutaRao, M.R. Allen, N. Gillett, D. Gutzler, K. Hansingo, G. Hegerl, Y. Hu, S. Jain, I.I. Mokhov, J. Overland, J. Perlwitz, R. Sebbari and X. Zhang, plus 59 contributing authors including M. Lockwood
Detection and Attribution of Climate Change: from Global to Regional.
In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
[eds. Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, .K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. doi: 10.1017/cbo9781107415324.022 (2014)
online reprint
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314. L. Barnard, C.J. Scott, M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, K. Tucker‐Hood, S. Thomas, S.R. Crothers, J. Davies, R. Harrison, C. Lintott, A. Smith, R. Simpson, N. Waterson, J. O'Donnell, S. Bamford, F. Romeo, M. Kukula, N. Savani, J. Wilkinson, E. Baeten, L. Poeffel, and B. Harder
The Solar Stormwatch CME catalogue: Results from the first space weather citizen science project
Space Weather, 12, 657‐674, doi: 10.1002/2014SW001119 (2014)
reprint from journal

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313. M.J. Owens, C.J. Scott, M. Lockwood, L. Barnard, R.G. Harrison, K. Nicoll, C. Watt, and A.J. Bennett
Modulation of UK lightning by heliospheric magnetic field polarity
Environ. Res. Lett., 9, 115009, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/115009 (2014)
reprint from journal
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312. S.R. Thomas, M.J. Owens, and M. Lockwood
Galactic Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere
Astron. & Geophys., 55 (5), 5.23‐5.25, doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atu214 (2014)
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311. C. Huntingford, T. Marsh, A.A. Scaife, E.J. Kendon, J. Hannaford, A.L. Kay, M. Lockwood, C. Prudhomme, N.S. Reynard, S. Parry, J.A. Lowe, J.A. Screen, H.C. Ward, M. Roberts, P.A. Stott, V.A. Bell, M. Bailey, A. Jenkins, T. Legg, F.E.L. Otto, N. Massey, N. Schaller, J. Slingo and M.R. Allen
Potential influences in the United Kingdom's floods of winter 2013/14
Nature Climate Change, 4, 769‐777, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2314 (2014)
reprint from journal
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310. M. Lockwood, and M.J. Owens
Centennial variations in sunspot number, open solar flux and streamer belt width: 3. Modelling
J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119 (7), 5193‐5209, doi: 10.1002/2014JA019973 (2014)
reprint from journal
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309. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, and L. Barnard
Centennial variations in sunspot number, open solar flux and streamer belt width: 2. Comparison with geomagnetic data
J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119 (7), 5183‐5192, doi: 10.1002/2014JA019972 (2014)
reprint from journal
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308. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, and L. Barnard
Centennial variations in sunspot number, open solar flux and streamer belt width: 1. Correction of the sunspot number record since 1874
J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119 (7), 5172‐5182, doi: 10.1002/2014JA019970 (2014)
reprimt from journal
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307. C.J. Scott, R.G. Harrison, M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, and L. Barnard
Evidence for solar wind modulation of lightning .
Env. Res. Lett., 9, 055004, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/5/055004 (2014)
reprint from journal
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306. S.R. Thomas, M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood and C.J. Scott
Galactic Cosmic Ray Modulation near the Heliospheric Current Sheet
Sol. Phys., 289 (7), 2653‐2668, doi: 10.1007/s11207-014-0493-y (2014)
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305. M. Lockwood, H. Nevanlinna, L. Barnard, M.J. Owens, R.G. Harrison, A.P. Rouillard, and C.J. Scott
Reconstruction of Geomagnetic Activity and Near‐Earth Interplanetary Conditions over the Past 167 Years: 4. Near‐Earth Solar Wind Speed, IMF, and Open Solar Flux
Annales. Geophys., 32, 383‐399, doi: 10.5194/angeo-32-383-2014 (2014)
reprint from journal
supplementary data file (ascii text) (contains IMF, solar wind speed and OSF reconstructions for 1845‐2012, with full 2σ uncertainties computed using a Monte‐Carlo technique, plus the IDV(1d) and corrected aa geomagnetic indices)
📑 BibTex

304. M. Lockwood, H. Nevanlinna, M. Vokhmyanin, D. Ponyavin, S. Sokolov, L. Barnard, M.J. Owens, R. G. Harrison, A.P. Rouillard, and C.J. Scott
Reconstruction of Geomagnetic Activity and Near‐Earth Interplanetary Conditions over the Past 167 Years: 3. Improved representation of solar cycle 11
Annales. Geophys., 32, 367‐381, doi: 10.5194/angeo-32-367-2014 (2014)
reprint from journal
📑
BibTex

303. M.J. Owens, N.U. Crooker, and M. Lockwood
Solar cycle evolution of dipolar and pseudostreamer belts and their relation to the slow solar wind
J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119 (1), 36‐46, doi: 10.1002/2013JA019412 (2014)
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2013

302. M. Lockwood and M.J. Owens
Implications of the recent low solar minimum for the solar wind during the Maunder minimum
Astrophys. J. Lett., 781:L7, doi: 10.1088/2041-8205/781/1/L7 (2013)
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301. M. Lockwood, L. Barnard, H. Nevanlinna, M.J. Owens, R.G. Harrison, A.P. Rouillard, and C.J. Davis
Reconstruction of geomagnetic activity and near-Earth interplanetary conditions over the past 167 yr - Part 2: A new reconstruction of the interplanetary magnetic field
Annales Geophysicae, 31, 1979‐1992, doi: 10.5194/angeo-31-1979-2013 (2013)
reprint from journal
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300. M. Lockwood, L. Barnard, H. Nevanlinna, M.J. Owens, R.G. Harrison, A.P. Rouillard, and C.J. Davis
Reconstruction of geomagnetic activity and near-Earth interplanetary conditions over the past 167 yr - Part 1: A new geomagnetic data composite
Annales Geophysicae, 31, 1957‐1977, doi: 10.5194/angeo-31-1957-2013 (2013)
reprint from journal
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299. M. Lockwood
Reconstruction and Prediction of Variations in the Open Solar Magnetic Flux and Interplanetary Conditions
Living Reviews in Solar Physics, 10, 4, doi: 10.12942/lrsp-2013-4 (2013)
reprint from journal
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298. Q. H. Zhang, B. C. Zhang, J. Moen, M. Lockwood, I. W. McCrea, H. G. Yang, H. Q. Hu, R. Y. Liu, S. R. Zhang and M. Lester
Polar cap patch segmentation of the tongue of ionization in the morning convection cell
Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(12), 2918‐2922, doi: 10.1002/grl.50616 (2013)
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297. S.R. Thomas, M.J. Owens and M. Lockwood
The 22-Year Hale Cycle in Cosmic Ray Flux - Evidence for Direct Heliospheric Modulation
Sol. Phys., 286 (1), 407‐421, doi: 10.1007/s11207-013-0341-5 (2013)
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296. M.J. Owens, N.U. Crooker, and M. Lockwood
Solar origin of heliospheric magnetic field inversions: Evidence for coronal magnetic loop opening within pseudostreamers
J. Geophys. Res., 118 (5), 1868‐1879, doi: 10.1002/jgra.50259 (2013)
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295. M. Lockwood and M.J. Owens
Comment on "What causes the flux excess in the heliospheric magnetic field?" by E.J. Smith
J. Geophys. Res., 118 (5), 1880‐1887, doi: 10.1002/jgra.50223 (2013)
📑 BibTex

294. Q. H. Zhang, B. C. Zhang, M. Lockwood, H. Q. Hu, J. Moen, J.M. Ruohoniemi, E.G. Thomas, S. R. Zhang, H. G. Yang, R. Y. Liu, K.A. McWilliams, and J.B.H. Baker
Direct Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Ionization Patches
Science, 339, 1597‐1600, doi: 10.1126/science.1231487 (2013)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

293. K. L. Aplin and M. Lockwood
Cosmic ray modulation of infra‐red radiation in the atmosphere
Environ. Res. Lett., 8, 015026, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015026 (2013)
📑 BibTex

2012

292. M. Lockwood
Solar-Induced Climate Effects
in Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
ed. Robert Meyers, Springer, New York NY., pp. 9795‐9820, ISBN 978-0-387-89469-0. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_446 (2012)
📑 BibTex

291. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood and I. Usoskin
Heliospheric modulation of galactic cosmic rays during grand solar minima: Past and future variations
Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19102, doi: 10.1029/2012GL053151 (2012)
📑 BibTex

290. Zhang, Q.‐H. M.W. Dunlop, M. Lockwood, B. Lavraud, Y.V. Bogdanova, H. Hasegawa,H.‐G. Yang, R.‐Y. Liu, H.‐Q. Hu, B.‐C. Zhang, Z.‐Y. Pu, Z.‐W. Yang, J. Wang, M.G.G.T. Taylor, J. Berchem, D. Constantinescu, M. Volwerk, H. Frey, A. N. Fazakerley, C. Shen, J.‐K. Shi, D. Sibeck, P. Escoubet, and J. A. Wild
Inner plasma structure of the low‐latitude reconnection layer
J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08205, doi: 10.1029/2012JA017622 (2012)
📑 BibTex

289. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L. Barnard, C.J. Davis and S. Thomas
Solar cycle 24: What is the Sun up to?
Astron & Geophys, 53 (3), 3.09‐3.15, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2012.53309.x (2012)
📑 BibTex

288. M. Lockwood
Solar Influence on Global and Regional Climate
Surveys in Geophysics, 33 (3), 503‐534, doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9181-3 (2012)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

287. M.J. Owens and M. Lockwood
Cyclic loss of open solar flux since 1868: The link to heliospheric current sheet tilt and implications for the Maunder Minimum
J. Geophys. Res., 117, A04102, doi: 10.1029/2011JA017193 (2012)
📑 BibTex

286. C. J. Davis, J. A. Davies, M. J. Owens, and M. Lockwood
Predicting the arrival of high‐speed solar wind streams at Earth using the STEREO Heliospheric Imagers
Space Weather, 10, S02003, doi: 10.1029/2011SW000737 (2012)
📑 BibTex

285. G.S. Jones, M. Lockwood, and P.A. Stott
What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near surface temperature changes?
J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 117, D05103, doi: 10.1029/2011JD017013 (2012)
📑 BibTex

2011

284. M. Lockwood, M.J. Owens, L. Barnard, C.J. Davis, and F. Steinhilber
The Persistence of Solar Activity Indicators and the Descent of the Sun into Maunder Minimum Conditions
Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L22105, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049811 (2011)
📑 BibTex

283. M.J. Owens, M. Lockwood, L. Barnard, and C.J. Davis
Solar cycle 24: Implications for energetic particles and and long‐term space climate change
Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L19106, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049328 (2011)
📑 BibTex

282. Q.‐H. Zhang, M. W. Dunlop, M. Lockwood, R. Holme, Y. Kamide, W. Baumjohann, H.‐G. Yang, E. E. Woodfield, H.‐Q. Hu, B.‐C. Zhang, and S.‐L. Liu
The distribution of the ring current: Cluster observations
Annales Geophys., 29, 1655‐1662, doi: 10.5194/angeo-29-1655-2011 (2011)
📑 BibTex

281. R.G. Harrison, M.H.P. Ambaum and M. Lockwood
Cloud base height and cosmic rays
Proc. R. Soc. A, 467, 2777‐2791, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2011.0040 (2011)
📑 BibTex

280. M. Lockwood
Was spectral solar irradiance lower during the recent low sunspot minimum?
J. Geophys. Res. (Atmospheres), 116, D16103, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014746 (2011)
📑 BibTex

279. L. Barnard, M. Lockwood, M.A. Hapgood, M.J. Owens, C.J. Davis, and F. Steinhilber
Predicting Space Climate Change
Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L16103, doi: 10.1029/2011GL048489 (2011)
📑 BibTex

278. M.W. Dunlop, Q.‐H. Zhang, Y.V. Bogdanova, M. Lockwood, Z. Pu, H. Hasegawa, J. Wang, M.G.G.T. Taylor, J. Berchem, B. Lavraud, J. Eastwood, M. Volverk, C. Shen, J.‐K. Shi, D. Constantinescu, H. Frey, A.N. Fazakerley, D. Sibeck, P. Escoubet, J.A. Wild and Z.‐X. Liu
Extended Magnetic Reconnection across the Dayside Magnetopause
Phys. Rev. Lett., 107 (2), 025004, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.025004 (2011)
📑 BibTex

277. M. Lockwood, R.G. Harrison, M.J. Owens, L. Barnard, T. Woollings, and F. Steinhilber
The solar influence on the probability of relatively cold UK winters in the future
Environ. Res. Lett., 6, 034004, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034004 (2011)
📑 BibTex

276. M. Lockwood
Shining a light on solar impacts
Nature Climate Change, 1, 98‐99, doi: 10.1038/nclimate1096 (2011)
📑 BibTex

275. Q.‐H. Zhang, B.;‐C. Zhang, R.‐Y. Liu, M. W. Dunlop, M. Lockwood, J. Moen, H.‐G. Yang, H.‐Q. Hu, Z.‐J. Hu, S.‐L. Liu, I. W. McCrea, M. Lester
On the importance of IMF |BY| on polar cap patch formation
J. Geophys. Res., 116, A05308, doi: 10.1029/2010JA016287 (2011)
📑 BibTex

274. M.J. Owens, N.U. Crooker, and M. Lockwood
How is open solar magnetic flux lost over the solar cycle?
J. Geophys. Res., 116, A04111, doi: 10.1029/2010JA016039 (2011)
📑 BibTex

273. M. Lockwood, and M.J. Owens
Centennial changes in the heliospheric magnetic field and open solar flux: the consensus view from geomagnetic data and cosmogenic isotopes and its implications
J. Geophys. Res., 116, A04109, doi: 10.1029/2010JA016220 (2011)
📑 BibTex

272. L. Barnard and M. Lockwood
A survey of gradual solar energetic particle events
J. Geophys. Res., 116, A05103, doi: 10.1029/2010JA016133 (2011)
📑 BibTex

2010

271. Q.H. Zhang, M.W. Dunlop, M. Lockwood, R.Y. Liu, H.Q. Hu , H.G. Yang, Z.J. Hu, Y.V. Bogdanova, C. Shen, , B.C. Zhang, D.S. Han, and I. W. McCrea
Simultaneous observations of reconnection pulses at Cluster and their effects on the cusp aurora seen at Chinese Yellow River Station
J. Geophys. Res., 115, A10237, doi: 10.1029/2010JA015526 (2010)
📑 BibTex

270. L.J. Gray, J. Beer, M. Geller, J.D. Haigh, M. Lockwood, K. Matthes, U. Cubasch, D. Fleitmann, R.G. Harrison, L. Hood, J. Luterbacher, N. Marsh, D. Shindell, B. van Geel, W. White
Solar Influences on Climate
Rev. Geophys., 48, RG4001, doi: 10.1029/2009RG000282 (2010)
reprint from jornal
📑 BibTex
📑 Correction BibTex

269. T. Woollings, M. Lockwood, G. Masato, C. Bell and L. Gray
Enhanced signature of solar variability in Eurasian winter climate
Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L20805, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044601 (2010)
📑 BibTex

268. J. Duplissy, M. B. Enghoff, K. L. Aplin, F. Arnold, H. Aufmhoff, M. Avngaard, U. Baltensperger, T. Bondo, R. Bingham, K. Carslaw, J. Curtius, A. David, B. Fastrup, S. Gagné, F. Hahn, R. G. Harrison, B. Kellett, J. Kirkby, M. Kulmala, L. Laakso, A. Laaksonen, E. Lillestol, M. Lockwood, J. Mäkelä, V. Makhmutov, N. D. Marsh, T. Nieminen, A. Onnela, E. Pedersen, J. O. P. Pedersen, J. Polny, U. Reichl, J. H. Seinfeld, M. Sipilä, Y. Stozhkov, F. Stratmann, H. Svensmark, J. Svensmark, R. Veenhof, B. Verheggen, Y. Viisanen, P. E. Wagner, G. Wehrle, E. Weingartner, H. Wex, M. Wilhelmsson, and P. M. Winkler
Results from the CERN pilot CLOUD experiment
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1635‐1647, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-1635-2010 (2010)
📑 BibTex

267. M. Lockwood, C. Bell, T. Woollings, R.G. Harrison, L.J. Gray, and J.D. Haigh
Top‐down solar modulation of climate: evidence for centennial‐scale change
Environ. Res. Lett., 5, 034008, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/3/034008 (2010)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

266. M. Lockwood, R.G. Harrison,T. Woollings, and S.K. Solanki
Are cold winters in Europe associated with low solar activity?
Environ. Res. Lett., 5, 024001, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/024001 (2010)
reprint from journal
📑 BibTex

265. A.P. Rouillard, B. Lavraud, J.A. Davies, L.F. Burlaga, N.P. Savani, R.J. Forsyth, J.‐A. Sauvaud, A. Opitz, M. Lockwood, J.G. Luhmann, K.D.C. Simunac, A.B. Galvin, C.J. Davis, R.A. Harrison
Intermittent release of small‐scale transients in the slow solar wind: II, In‐situ evidence
J. Geophys. Res., 115, A04104, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014472 (2010)
📑 BibTex

264. A.P. Rouillard, J.A. Davies, B. Lavraud, R.J. Forsyth, N.P. Savani, D. Bewsher, D.S. Brown, N.R. Sheeley, C.J. Davis, R.A. Harrison, M. Lockwood, S.R. Crothers, C.J. Eyles
Intermittent release of small‐scale transients in the slow solar wind: I, Remote sensing observations
J. Geophys. Res., 115, A04103, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014471 (2010)
📑 BibTex

263. M. Lockwood
Solar change and climate: an update in the light of the current exceptional solar minimum
Proc. R. Soc. A, 466 303‐329, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2009.0519 (2010)
📑 BibTex

2009

262. M. Lockwood, A.P. Rouillard, and I.D. Finch
The rise and fall of open solar flux during the current grand solar maximum
Ap. J., 700 (2), 937‐944, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/700/2/937 (2009)
📑 BibTex

261. M. Lockwood and M. Owens
The accuracy of using the Ulysses result of the spatial invariance of the radial heliospheric field to compute the open solar flux
Ap. J., 701 (2), 964‐973, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/964 (2009)
📑 BibTex

260. M. Lockwood, M. Owens, and A.P. Rouillard
Excess Open Solar Magnetic Flux from Satellite Data: II. A survey of kinematic effects
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11104, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014450 (2009)
📑 BibTex

259. M. Lockwood, M. Owens, and A.P. Rouillard
Excess Open Solar Magnetic Flux from Satellite Data: I. Analysis of the 3rd Perihelion Ulysses Pass
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11103, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014449 (2009)
📑 BibTex

258. A.P. Rouillard, J.A. Davies, R.J. Forsyth, N.P. Savani, N.R. Sheeley, A. Thernisien, T.‐L. Zhang, R.A. Howard, B. Anderson, C.M. Carr, S. Tsang, M. Lockwood, C.J. Davis, R.A. Harrison, D. Bewsher, M. Fraenz, S.R. Crothers, C.J. Eyles, D.S. Brown, I. Whittaker, M. Hapgood, A.J. Coates, G.H. Jones, M. Grande, R.A. Frahm, and J.D. Winningham
A solar storm observed from the Sun to Venus using the STEREO, Venus Express, and MESSENGER spacecraft
J. Geophys.Research, 114, A07106, doi: 10.1029/2008JA014034 (2009)
📑 BibTex

257. H.T. Cai, I.W. McCrea, M.W. Dunlop, J.A. Davies, Y. V. Bogdanova, F. Pitout, S.E. Milan, M. Lockwood, and S.Y. Ma
Cusp observations during a sequence of fast IMF B‐Z reversals
Annales Geophys., 27 (7), 2721‐2737, doi: 10.5194/angeo-27-2721-2009 (2009)
📑 BibTex

256. H.T. Cai, S.Y. Ma, I.W. McCrea, M. J.A. Davies, M. Lockwood, and S.E. Milan
Polar ionospheric responses to 4‐times rapid turnings of the IMF B‐z component‐EISCAT/ESR radar observations
Chinese Journal of Geophysics‐Chinese Edition, 52 (7), 1685‐1692, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.2009.07.002 (2009)
📑 BibTex

255. C.J.Davis, J.A. Davies, M. Lockwood, A.P. Rouillard, C.J. Eyles, and R.A. Harrison
Stereoscopic imaging of an Earth‐impacting solar coronal mass ejection: A major milestone for the STEREO mission
Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08102, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038021 (2009)
📑 BibTex

254. A.P. Rouillard, N.P. Savani, J.A. Davies, B. Lavraud, R.J. Forsyth, S.K. Morley, A. Opitz, N.R. Sheeley, L.F. Burlaga, J.‐A. Sauvaud, K.D.C. Simunac, J.G. Luhmann, A.B. Galvin, S.R. Crothers, C.J. Davis, R.A. Harrison, M. Lockwood, C.J. Eyles, D. Bewsher, D.S. Brown
A Multispacecraft Analysis of a Small‐Scale Transient Entrained by Solar Wind Streams
Solar Phys., 256(1/2), 307‐326, doi: 10.1007/s11207-009-9329-6 (2009)
📑 BibTex

253. M. Lockwood, M.R. Hairston, I.D. Finch, and A.P. Rouillard
Transpolar voltage and polar cap flux during the substorm cycle and steady convection events
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A01210, doi: 10.1029/2008JA013697 (2009)
📑 BibTex

2008

252. S. J. Ham, H. Lee, J. M. Lee, M. Lockwood et al.
Stray light analysis of SALEX instrument
Proc. S. P. I. E. 7069, L690‐L690, doi: 10.1117/12.794505 (2008)
📑 BibTex

251. I. D. Finch, M. Lockwood, A. P. Rouillard
The effects of solar wind magnetosphere coupling recorded at different geomagnetic latitudes: separation of directly‐driven and storage/release systems
Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21105, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035399 (2008)
📑 BibTex

250. J.M. Sullivan, M. Lockwood, B. S. Lanchester, E. P. Kontar, N. Ivchenko, H. Dahlgren, and D. K. Whiter
An optical study of multiple NEIAL events driven by low energy electron precipitation
Annales Geophys. 26, 2435‐2447, doi: 10.5194/angeo-26-2435-2008 (2008)
📑 BibTex

249. A. P Rouillard,. J. A. Davies, R. J. Forsyth, A. Rees, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison, M. Lockwood, D. Bewsher, S. R. Crothers, C. J. Eyles, M. Hapgood and C. H. Perry
First imaging of corotating interaction regions using the STEREO spacecraft
Geophys. Res. Lett., 35 (10), L10110, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033767 (2008)
📑 BibTex

248. M. Lockwood
Recent changes in solar outputs and the global mean surface temperature. III. Analysis of contributions to global mean air surface temperature rise
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 464 (2094) , 1387‐1404, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2007.0348 (2008)
📑 BibTex

247. M. Lockwood, and C. Frölich
Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature. II. Different reconstructions of the total solar irradiance variation and dependence on response time scale
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 464 (2094) , 1367‐1385, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2007.0347 (2008)
📑 BibTex

2007

246. C.M. Carr, T.S. Horbury, A. Balogh, S.D. Bale, W. Baumjohann, B. Bavassano, A. Breen, D. Burgess, P.J. Cargill, N. Crooker, G. Erdõs, L. Fletcher, R.J. Forsyth, J. Giacalone, K.‐H. Glassmeier, J. T. Hoeksema, M.L. Goldstein, M. Lockwood, W. Magnes, M. Maksimovic, E. Marsch, W. H. Matthaeus, N. Murphy, V. M. Nakariakov, J.R. Pacheco, J.‐L. Pincon, P. Riley, C.T. Russell, S. J. Schwartz, A. Szabo, M. Thompson, R. Vainio, M. Velli, S. Vennerstrom, R. Walsh, R. Wimmer‐Schweingruber, G. Zank
A magnetometer for the Solar Orbiter mission
in "The Second Solar Orbiter Workshop", ed. L. Conroy, ESA Special Publication, ESA‐SP‐641, p. 41‐47 (2007)
📑 BibTex

245. M. Lockwood
Fly me to the Moon?
Nature Physics, 3, 669‐671, doi: 10.1038/nphys733 (2007)
📑 BibTex

244. E. Priest, M. Lockwood, S. Solanki, and A. Wolfendale
Does the sun affect the Earth's climate?
Astron. and Geophys., 48 (3), 3‐7, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2007.48307.x (2007)
📑 BibTex

243. M. Lockwood, and M.A. Hapgood
The rough guide to the Moon and Mars
Astron. And Geophys., 48, 11‐17, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2007.48611.x (2007)
📑 BibTex

242. M. Lockwood, and C. Frölich
Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 463 , 2447‐2460, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2007.1880 (2007)
📑 BibTex

241. A.P. Rouillard, and M. Lockwood
The latitudinal effect of co‐rotating interaction regions on galactic cosmic rays
Solar Phys., 245, 191‐206, doi: 10.1007/s11207-007-9019-1 (2007)
📑 BibTex

240. A.P. Rouillard, and M. Lockwood
Centennial changes in solar activity and the response of galactic cosmic rays
Adv. Space Res., 40(7), 1078‐1086, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2007.02.096 (2007)
📑 BibTex

239. A.P. Rouillard, M. Lockwood, and I. Finch
Centennial changes in the solar wind speed and in the open solar flux
J. Geophys. Res., 112, A05103, doi: 10.1029/2006JA012130 (2007)
📑 BibTex

238. I. Finch, and M. Lockwood
Solar wind‐magnetosphere coupling functions on timescales of 1 day to 1 year
Annales Geophys., 25, 495‐506, doi: 10.5194/angeo-25-495-2007 (2007)
📑 BibTex

237. M. Lockwood
What do cosmogenic isotopes tell us about past solar forcing of climate?
Space Sci. Rev., 125, 95‐109, doi: 10.1007/s11214-006-9049-2 (2006)
📑 BibTex

2006

236. M.W. Dunlop, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. A. Davies, Z. Pu, A.N. Fazakerley, C.J. Owen, Y. V. Bogdanova, F. Pitout, H. Laakso, Q.‐G. Zong, C. Shen, K. Nykyri, B. Lavraud, S. E. Milan, Z.‐X. Liu, C. P. Escoubet, H. Rème, C. M. Carr, P. Cargill, T. D. Phan, M. Lockwood and B. Sonnerup,
Comparative Cluster/Double Star Observations of the High and Low Latitude Dayside Magnetopause
Proc. Cluster and Double Star Symposium, 5th Anniv. of Cluster in Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, September 2005, Ed. K. Fletcher. ESA SP‐598, pp. 19‐23, European Space Agency Publications, ESTEC (2006)
📑 BibTex

235. J.M. Sullivan, N. Ivchenko M.Lockwood, T.Grydeland, E.M. Blixt, and B.S. Lanchester
Phase calibration of the EISCAT Svalbard Radar interferometer using optical satellite signatures
Annales Geophys., 24, 2419‐2427, doi: 10.5194/angeo-24-2419-2006 (2006)
📑 BibTex

234. J.A. Davies, M.W. Dunlop, C.H. Perry, M. Lockwood, I. Alexeev, M.G.G.T. Taylor, A.N. Fazakerley, C.J. Owen, A. Marchaudon, R.H.W. Friedel, X.H. Deng, M. Grande, and P.W. Daly
Energetic Electron Signatures in an Active Magnetotail Plasma Sheet
Adv. Space Res., 38(8), 1608‐1614, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2006.02.012 (2006)
📑 BibTex

233. M.Lockwood, A.P. Rouillard, I.D. Finch, and R. Stamper
Comment on "The IDV index: its derivation and use in inferring long‐term variations of the interplanetary magnetic field strength" by Svalgaard and Cliver
J. Geophys. Res., 111, A09109, doi: 10.1029/2006JA011640 (2006)
📑 BibTex

232. S. K. Morley and M. Lockwood
A numerical model of the ionospheric signatures of time‐varying magnetic reconnection: 3. Quasi‐instantaneous convection responses in the Cowley‐Lockwood paradigm
Annales Geophys., 24, 961‐972, doi: 10.5194/angeo-24-961-2006 (2006)
📑 BibTex

231. M. Lockwood, K. Throp, B.S. Lanchester, S.K. Morley, S.E. Milan, M. Lester, and H. U. Frey
Modelling the observed proton aurora and ionospheric convection responses to changes in the IMF field clock angle: 2. The persistence of ionospheric convection
J. Geophys. Res., 111, A02306, doi: 10.1029/2003JA010307 (2006)
📑 BibTex

2005

230. H. Lee, S.‐W. Kim, A. Richards, I. Tosh, N. Morris, and M. Lockwood,
Stray‐light analysis of Amon‐Ra instrument
Optical Modeling and Performance Predictions II, Edited by M.A. Kahan,
Proc. S.P.I.E., 5678, 46‐57, doi: 10.1117/12.639585 (2005)
📑 BibTex

229. M.W. Dunlop, M.G.G. T. Taylor, J.A. Davies, C. J. Owen, F. Pitout, A. N. Fazakerley, Z. Pu, H. Laakso, Y. V. Bogdanova, Q.‐G. Zong, C. Shen, K. Nykyri, B. Lavraud, S. E. Milan, T. D. Phan, H. Rème, C. P. Escoubet, C. M. Carr, P. Cargill, M. Lockwood, and B. Sonnerup
Coordinated Cluster/Double Star observations of dayside reconnection signatures
Annales Geophys., 23, 2867‐2875, doi: 10.5194/angeo-23-2867-2005 (2005)
📑 BibTex

228. K. Throp, M. Lockwood, B. S. Lanchester, S. K. Morley, and H. U. Frey
Modeling the observed proton aurora and ionospheric convection responses to changes in the IMF clock angle: 1. Persistence of cusp proton aurora
J. Geophys. Res., 110, A12311, doi: 10.1029/2003JA010306 (2005)
📑 BibTex

227. M. Lockwood, J.A. Davies, J. Moen, A. P. van Eyken, K. Oksavik, I.W McCrea and M.E. Lester
Motion of the dayside polar cap boundary during substorm cycles: II. Generation of poleward‐moving events and polar cap patches by pulses in the magnetopause reconnection rate
Annales Geophys, 23, 3513‐3532, doi: 10.5194/angeo-23-3513-2005 (2005)
📑 BibTex

226. M. Lockwood, J. Moen, A. P. van Eyken, J.A. Davies, K. Oksavik, and I.W McCrea,
Motion of the dayside polar cap boundary during substorm cycles: I. Observations of pulses in the magnetopause reconnection rate
Annales Geophys, 23, 3495‐3511, doi: 10.5194/angeo-23-3495-2005 (2005)
📑 BibTex

225. S. K. Morley and M. Lockwood
A numerical model of the ionospheric signatures of time‐varying magnetic reconnection: II. Measuring expansions in the ionospheric flow response
Annales Geophys. , 23, 2501‐2510, doi: 10.5194/angeo-23-2501-2005 (2005)
📑 BibTex

224. H. Lee, I. Tosh, N. Morris, M. Lockwood and S‐W. Kim,
The optomechanical design of Amon‐Ra instrument,
Electronic Imaging and Multimedia Technology IV, Edited by C.‐S. Li and M. M. Yeung,
Proc. S.P.I.E., 5638, 248‐261, doi: 10.1117/12.573624 (2005)
📑 BibTex

2004

223. T. J. Stubbs, P. J. Cargill, M. Lockwood, M. Grande, B. J. Kellett, and C. H. Perry
Extended cusp‐like regions and their dependence on the Polar orbit, seasonal variations, and interplanetary conditions
J. Geophys. Res., 109, A09210, doi: 10.1029/2003JA010163 (2004)
📑 BibTex

222. A. Rouillard and M. Lockwood,
Oscillations in the open solar magnetic flux with period 1.68 years: imprint on galactic cosmic rays and implications for heliospheric shielding
Annales, Geophys, 46, 22, 4381‐4395, doi: 10.5194/angeo-22-4381-2004 (2004)
📑 BibTex

221. M. Lockwood
Solar Outputs, their variations and their effects of Earth
in “The Sun, Solar Analogs and the Climate” ,
Proc. Saas‐Fee Advanced Course, 34 by J.D. Haigh, M.Lockwood and M.S. Giampapa, eds. I. Rüedi, M. Güdel, and W. Schmutz, pp. 107‐304, Springer, ISBN: 3-540-23856-5, doi: 10.1007/3-540-27510-x_2 (2004)
📑 BibTex

220. J. Moen, M. Lockwood, K. Oskavik, H.C. Carlson, W.F. Denig, A.P. van Eyken, and I.W. McCrea
The dynamics and relationships of precipitation, temperature and convection boundaries in the dayside auroral oval
Annales Geophys., 22, 1‐15, doi: 10.5194/angeo-22-1973-2004 (2004)
📑 BibTex

219. M. Lockwood and S.E. Morley,
A numerical model of the ionospheric signatures of time‐varying magnetic reconnection: I. Ionospheric convection
Annales Geophys., 22, 73‐91, doi: 10.5194/angeo-22-73-2004 (2004)
📑 BibTex

218. T. J. Stubbs, M. Lockwood, P. Cargill, M. Grande, B. Kellett, and C.H. Perry
A comparison between ion characteristics observed by the POLAR and DMSP spacecraft in the high‐latitude magnetosphere
Annales Geophys., 22, 1033‐1046, doi: 10.5194/angeo-22-1033-2004 (2004)
📑 BibTex

217. M. Lockwood, R.B. Forsyth, A. Balogh, and D. J. McComas
Open solar flux estimates from near‐Earth measurements of the interplanetary magnetic field: comparison of the first two perihelion passes of the Ulysses spacecraft
Annales Geophys, 22, 1395‐1405, doi: 10.5194/angeo-22-1395-2004 (2004)
📑 BibTex

2003

216. S.E. Morley and M. Lockwood,
The dependence of cusp ion signatures on the reconnection rate
Annales Geophys., 21, 947‐953, doi: 10.5194/angeo-21-947-2003 (2003)
📑 BibTex

215. M. Lockwood , B.S. Lanchester , H. Frey , K. Throp, S. Morley, S.E. Milan, and M.E. Lester,
IMF Control of Cusp Proton Emission Intensity and Dayside Convection: implications for component and anti‐parallel reconnection
Annales Geophys., 21, 955‐982, doi: 10.5194/angeo-21-955-2003 (2003)
📑 BibTex

214. M. Lockwood
Twenty‐three cycles of changing open solar flux
J. Geophys. Res., 108(A3), 1128, doi: 10.1029/2002JA009431 (2003)
📑 BibTex

2002

213. M. Lockwood
Relationship between the near‐Earth interplanetary field and the coronal source flux: Dependence on timescale
J. Geophys, Res., 107, A12, 1425, doi. 10.1029/2001JA009062 (2002)
📑 BibTex

212. E. E. Woodfield, J. A. Davies, M. Lester, T. K. Yeoman, P. Eglitis, and M. Lockwood
Nightside studies of coherent HF Radar spectral width behaviour
Annales Geophysicae, 20, 1399‐1413, doi: 10.5194/angeo-20-1399-2002 (2002)
📑 BibTex

211. M. Lockwood
Foreword by the Chairman of the EISCAT Council
Annales Geophysicae, 20, 1261‐1262, doi: 10.5194/angeo-20-1261-2002 (2002)
📑 BibTex

210. D. H. Mackay, and M. Lockwood
The Evolution of the Sun's Open magnetic Flux: II. Full solar cycle simulations
Solar Phys., 209(2), 287‐309, doi: 10.1023/A:1021230604497 (2002)
📑 BibTex

209. D. H. Mackay, E. R. Priest, and M. Lockwood
The Evolution of the Sun's Open Magnetic Flux: I. A Single Bipole
Solar Phys., 207(2), 291‐308, doi: 10.1023/A:1016249917230 (2002)
📑 BibTex

208. J. A. Davies, T. K. Yeoman, I. J. Rae, S. E. Milan, M. Lester, M. Lockwood and K. A. McWilliams
Ground‐based observations of the auroral zone and polar cap ionospheric responses to dayside transient reconnection
Annales Geophys., 20, 781‐794, doi: 10.5194/angeo-20-781-2002 (2002)
📑 BibTex

207. M. Lockwood
Long‐term variations in the open solar flux and links to variations in Earths climate
In “From Solar Min to Max: Half a solar cycle with SoHo”, Proc. SoHO 11 Symposium, Davos, Switzerland, March 2002, ESA‐SP‐508, pp. 507‐522, ESA Publications, Noordvijk, The Netherlands (2002)
📑 BibTex

206. M. Lockwood
An evaluation of the correlation between open solar flux and total solar irradiance
Astron. and Astrophys., 382, 678‐687, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011666 (2002)
📑 BibTex

2001

205. M. Lockwood
Magnetosphere of Earth
In Encyclopedia of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Ed. P. Murdin, Nature publishing group & IOP Publishing, doi: 10.1888/0333750888/2338 (2001)
📑 BibTex

204. M. Lockwood
Long‐term variations in cosmic ray fluxes and total solar irradiance and global climate change
Proc. Workshop on Ion‐Aerosol‐Cloud Interactions, CERN, 18‐20th April 2001, ed. J. Kirkby, CERN Yellow Report,
CERN‐2001‐007 (ISSN 0007-8328, ISBN 92-9083-191-0) (2001)
📑 BibTex

203. T. G. Onsager, J. D. Scudder, M. Lockwood, C. T. Russell
Reconnection at the High‐Latitude Magnetopause During Northward IMF Conditions
J. Geophys. Res., 106, 25467‐25488, doi: 10.1029/2000JA000444 (2001)
📑 BibTex

202. K. Kauristie, T. I. Pulkkinen, O. Amm, A. Viljanen, M. Syrjäsuo, P. Janhunen, S. Massetti, S. Orsini, M. Candidi, J. Watermann, E. Donovan, P. Prikryl, I. R. Mann, P. Eglitis, C. Smith, W. F. Denig, H. J. Opgenoorth, M. Lockwood, M. Dunlop, A. Vaivads, and M. André
Ground‐based and satellite observations of high‐latitude auroral activity in the dusk sector of the auroral oval
Annales Geophys. , 19, 1683‐1696, doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-1683-2001 (2001)
📑 BibTex

201. H. J. Opgenoorth, M. Lockwood, D. Alcayde, E. Donovan, M. J. Engebretson, A. P. van Eyken, K. Kauristie, M.Lester, J. Moen, J. Waterman, H. Alleyne, M. André, M. W. Dunlop, N. Cornilleau‐Wehrlin, P. M. E. Decreau, A. Fazerkerley, H. Reme, R. André, O. Amm, A. Balogh, R. Behlke, P.L. Blelly, H. Boholm, E. Borälv, J.M. Bosqued, S. Buchert, M. Candidi, J.C. Cerisier, C. Cully, W.F. Denig, R. Doe, P.Eglitis, R. A. Greenwald, B. Jackal, J. D. Kelly, Ian Krauklis, G. Lu, I. R. Mann, M.F. Marcucci, I. W. McCrea, M. Maksimovic, S. Massetti, A. Masson, D. K. Milling, S. Orsini, F. Pitout, G. Provan, J. M. Ruohoniemi, J. C Samson, J. J. Schott, F. Sedgemore‐Schulthess, R. Stamper, P. Stauning, A. Strömme, M. Taylor, A. Vaivads, J. P. Villain, I. Voronkov, J. Wild, and M. Wild.
Coordinated Ground‐Based, Low Altitude Satellite and Cluster Observations on Global and Local Scales During a Transient Postnoon Sector Excursion of the Magnetospheric Cusp
Annales Geophys., 19, 1367‐1398, doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-1367-2001 (2001)
📑 BibTex

200. M. Lockwood, A. Fazakerley, H. Opgenoorth, J. Moen, A.P. van Eyken, M. Dunlop, J.‐M. Bosqued, G. Lu, C. Cully, P. Eglitis, I.W. McCrea, M.A. Hapgood , M.N. Wild, R. Stamper, W. Denig , M. Taylor, J. Wild, G. Provan, O. Amm , K. Kauristie, T. Pulkkinen, A. Strömme, P. Prikryl, F. Pitout, A. Balogh, H. Rème, R. Behlke, T. Hansen, R. Greenwald, H. Frey, S.K. Morley, D. Alcaydé, P.‐L. Blelly, E. Donovan, M. Engebretson, M. Lester, J. Watermann, M.F. Marcucci
Co‐ordinated Cluster and ground‐based instrument observations of transient changes in the magnetopause boundary layer during an interval of predominantly northward IMF: relation to reconnection pulses and FTE signatures
Annales Geophys., 19, 1613‐1640, doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-1613-2001 (2001)
📑 BibTex

199. M. Lockwood, H. Opgenoorth, A.P. van Eyken, A. Fazakerley, J.‐M. Bosqued, W. Denig, J. Wild, C. Cully, R. Greenwald, G. Lu, O. Amm, H. Frey, A. Strömme, P. Prikryl, M.A. Hapgood, M.N. Wild, R. Stamper, M. Taylor, I. McCrea, K. Kauristie, T. Pulkkinen, F. Pitout, A. Balogh, M. Dunlop, H. Rème, R. Behlke, T. Hansen, G. Provan, P. Eglitis, S.K. Morley, D. Alcaydé, P.‐L. Blelly, J. Moen, E. Donovan, M. Engebretson, M. Lester, J. Watermann, M.F. Marcucci
Co‐ordinated Cluster, ground‐based instrumentation and low‐altitude satellite observations of transient poleward‐moving events in the ionosphere and in the tail lobe
Annales Geophys. , 19, 1589‐1612, doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-1589-2001 (2001)
📑 BibTex

198. M. Lockwood, S.E. Milan, T. Onsager, C.H. Perry, J.A. Scudder, C.T. Russell and M. Brittnacher
Cusp Ion Steps, Field‐Aligned Currents and Poleward‐Moving Auroral Forms
J. Geophys. Res., 106 29555‐29570, doi: 10.1029/2000ja900175 (2001)
📑 BibTex

197. N.J. Fox, S.W.H. Cowley, J.A. Davies, R.A. Greenwald, M. Lester, M. Lockwood and H. Lühr,
Ionospheric ion and electron heating at the poleward boundary of a poleward‐expanding substorm‐disturbed region
J. Geophys. Res., 106,12845‐12862, doi: 10.1029/1999ja000387 (2001)
📑 BibTex

196. M. Lockwood
Long‐Term Variations in the Magnetic Fields of the Sun and the Heliosphere: their origin, effects and implications
J. Geophys. Res., 106, 16021‐16038, doi: 10.1029/2000JA000115 (2001)
📑 BibTex

195. S. Foster and M. Lockwood
Long‐Term Changes in the Solar Photosphere Associated with Changes in the Coronal Source Flux
Geophys. Res. Lett. , 28, 1443‐1446, doi: 10.1029/2000GL011995 (2001)
📑 BibTex

194. C J. Davis, E. M. Clarke, R. A. Bamford, M. Lockwood, S. A. Bell
Long term changes in EUV and X‐ray emissions from the solar corona and chromosphere as measured by the response of the Earth's ionosphere during total solar eclipses from 1932 to 1999
Annales Geophys., 19, 263‐273, doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-263-2001 (2001)
📑 BibTex

193. M. Lockwood and D.H. Mackay
Solar magnetism attracts an answer
Physics World, 14, (3), 21‐22, doi: 10.1088/2058-7058/14/3/25 (2001)
📑 BibTex

192. M. Lockwood and S.S. Foster
Long‐term variations in the magnetic field of the Sun and possible implications for terrestrial climate
In “The solar cycle and Terrestrial Climate”, Proc. 1st. Solar and Space Weather Euroconference, ESA‐SP‐463, 85‐94 (2001)
📑 BibTex

191. M. Lockwood
The day the solar wind nearly died
Nature, 6821 (409) , 677‐679, doi: 10.1038/35055654 (2001)
📑 BibTex

190. T.J. Stubbs, M. Lockwood, P. Cargill, J. Fennel, M. Grande, B. Kellett, C.H. Perry, and A. Rees
Dawn/dusk asymmetry in particles of solar wind origin within the magnetosphere
Annales Geophys., 19, 1‐9, doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-1-2001 (2001)
📑 BibTex

189. T.I. Pulkkinen, H. Nevanlinna, P.J. Pulkkinen, M. Lockwood
The Earth‐Sun connection in time scales from years to decades to centuries
Space Sci. Rev., 95(1/2), 625‐637, doi: 10.1023/A:1005299314802 (2001)
📑 BibTex

2000

188. S.B.P. Karlsson, H.J. Opgenoorth, P. Eglitis, K. Kauristie, M. Syrjäsuo, T. Pulkkinen, M. Lockwood, R. Nakamura, G. Reeves and S. Romanov,
Solar wind control of magnetospheric energy content: substorm quenching and multiple onsets
J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5335‐5356, doi: 10.1029/1999JA900297 (2000)
📑 BibTex

187. I.W. McCrea, M. Lockwood, J. Moen, F. Pitout, P. Eglitis , A.D. Aylward, J.‐C. Cerisier, A. Thorolfsson and S.E. Milan
ESR and EISCAT observations of the response of the cusp and cleft to IMF orientation changes
Annales Geophys., 18, 1009‐1026, doi: 10.1007/s00585-000-1009-7 (2000)
📑 BibTex

186. A. Thorolfsson, J.‐C. Cerisier, M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, C. Senior and M. Lester
Simultaneous radar and optical signatures of poleward‐moving auroral forms
Annales Geophys., 18, 1054‐1066, doi: 10.1007/s00585-000-1054-2 (2000)
📑 BibTex

185. M. Lockwood, I.W. McCrea, S.E. Milan, J. Moen, J.‐C. Cerisier, A. Thorolfsson
Plasma structure within poleward‐moving cusp‐cleft auroral transients: EISCAT Svalbard radar observations and an explanation in terms of large local time extent of events
Annales Geophys., 18, 1027‐1042, doi: 10.1007/s00585-000-1027-5 (2000)
📑 BibTex

184. H.J. Opgenoorth, P. Eglitis and M. Lockwood
Upgraded ground‐based facilities for co‐ordinated measurements with Cluster: opportunities for magnetospheric research revisited
in Proc. Cluster‐II Workshop on Multiscale‐Multipoint Measurements, London, ESA SP‐449, pp. 79‐85, European Space Agency Publications, ESTEC, Noordwijk (2000)
📑 BibTex

183. T.J. Stubbs, P. Cargill, M. Grande, B. Kellet, M. Lockwood, and C.H. Perry
Observations of the northern polar cusp with the Polar spacecraft
in Proc. Cluster‐II Workshop on Multiscale‐Multipoint Measurements, London, ESA SP‐449, pp. 319‐322, European Space Agency Publications, ESTEC, Noordwijk (2000)
📑 BibTex

182. C.J. Davis, M. Lockwood, S. A. Bell, J. A. Smith, and E. M. Clarke
Ionospheric measurements of relative coronal brightness during the total solar eclipses of 11 August 1999 and 9 July 1945
Annales Geophys., 18, 182‐190, doi: 10.1007/s00585-000-0182-z (2000)
📑 BibTex

1999

181. Fox, N.J., S.W.H. Cowley, V.N. Davda, G. Enno, E. Friis‐Christensen, R.A. Greenwald, M.R. Hairston, M.G. Kivelson, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, H. Lühr, D.K. Milling, J.S. Murphree, M. Pinnock, and G.D. Reeves,
A multipoint study of a substorm occurring on 7 December 1992 and its theoretical implications
Ann. Geophys., 17, 1369‐1384, doi: 10.1007/s00585-999-1369-6 (1999)
📑 BibTex

180. R. Stamper, M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild, and T.D.G. Clark
Solar Causes of the Long Term Increase in Geomagnetic Activity
J. Geophys Res., 104, 28325‐28342, doi: 10.1029/1999JA900311 (1999)
📑 BibTex

179. K.J.F. Sedgemore‐Schulthess, M. Lockwood, T.S. Trondsen, B.S. Lanchester, M.H. Rees, D. Lorentzen, and J. Moen
EISCAT Svalbard radar and optical observations of transient field‐aligned currents and aurora in the dayside cusp
J. Geophys. Res., 104, 24613‐24624, doi: 10.1029/1999JA900276 (1999)
📑 BibTex

178. D.G. Sibeck, G. Paschmann, R.A. Treumann, S.A. Fuselier, W. Lennartsson, M. Lockwood, R. Lundin, K.W. Ogilvie, T.G. Onsager, T.‐D. Phan, M. Roth, M. Scholer, N. Sckopke, K. Stasiewicz, and M. Yamauchi
Plasma transfer processes at the magnetopause
Space Science Reviews, 88, 207‐283, doi: 10.1023/A:1005255801425 (1999)
also in “Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses” ed B. Hultqvist, M. Øieroset, G. Paschmann and R. Truemann, Kluwar, Dordrecht (1999)
📑 BibTex

177. M.O. Chandler, S.A. Fuselier, M. Lockwood and T.E. Moore,
Evidence of component magnetic merging equatorward of the cusp
J. Geophys. Res., 104 , 22623‐22648, doi: 10.1029/1999JA900175 (1999)
📑 BibTex

176. M. Lockwood and J. Moen
Reconfiguration and closure of lobe flux by reconnection during northward IMF: evidence for signatures in cusp/cleft auroral emissions
Annales Geophys., 17, 996‐1011, doi: 10.1007/s00585-999-0996-2 (1999)
📑 BibTex

175. M. Lockwood and R. Stamper
Long‐term drift of the coronal source magnetic flux and the total solar irradiance
Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2461‐2464, doi: 10.1029/1999GL900485 (1999)
📑 BibTex

174. M. Lockwood, R. Stamper, M.N. Wild, A. Balogh and G. Jones
Our changing sun
Astron & Geophys, 40, 4.10‐4.16, doi: 10.1093/astrog/40.4.4.10 (1999)
📑 BibTex

173. S.A. Fuselier, M. Lockwood, T.G. Onsager and W.K. Peterson
The source population for the cusp and cleft/LLBL for southward IMF
Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1665‐1669, doi: 10.1029/1999GL900354 (1999)
📑 BibTex

172. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild, R. Stamper, C.J. Davis and M. Grande
Predicting solar disturbance effects on navigation systems
J. Navigation, 52, 203‐216, doi: 10.1017/s0373463399008279 (1999)
📑 BibTex

171. M. Lockwood and M. A. Hapgood
The Low‐Latitude Boundary Layer: Application of ISTP Advances to Past Data
in “The Physics of Sun‐Earth Plasma and Field Processes”, ed. J. Burch, AGU Monograph 109, 103‐111, doi: 10.1029/GM109p0103 (1999)
📑 BibTex

170. M. Lockwood, R. Stamper and M.N. Wild
A doubling of the sun's coronal magnetic field during the last 100 years
Nature, 399, 437‐439, doi: 10.1038/20867 (1999)
📑 BibTex

169. M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
Comment on "A statistical study of the ionospheric convection response to changing interplanetary magnetic field conditions using the assimilative mapping of ionospheric electrodynamics technique" by A.J. Ridley et al.
J. Geophys. Res. 104, 4387‐4391, doi: 10.1029/1998JA900145 (1999)
📑 BibTex

168. M. Lockwood and C.J. Davis
The correct application of Poynting's theorem to the time‐dependent magnetosphere: reply to Heikkila
Annales Geophys., 17, 178‐181, doi: 10.1007/s005850050748 (1999)
📑 BibTex

1998

167. P.E. Sandholt, J.Moen, P. Stauning, J.A. Holtet, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood, U.P. Løvhaug, T. Hansen, and A. Egeland
Temporal and spatial variability of auroral forms in the 10‐14 MLT sector: Relationship to plasma convection and solar wind‐magnetosphere
Earth Planets And Space, 50 (8), 663‐682, doi: 10.1186/BF03352161 (1998)
📑 BibTex

166. M. Lockwood and M.A. Hapgood
On the Cause of a Magnetospheric Flux Transfer Event
J. Geophys. Res., 103, 26453‐26478, doi: 10.1029/98JA02244 (1998)
📑 BibTex

165. I. Müller‐Wordag, A.D. Aylward and M. Lockwood
Effects of a mid‐latitude solar eclipse on the thermosphere and ionosphere: a modelling study
Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3787‐3790, doi: 10.1029/1998GL900045 (1998)
📑 BibTex

164. M. Lockwood, C.J. Davis, T.G. Onsager, and J.A. Scudder
Modelling signatures of pulsed magnetopause reconnection in cusp ion dispersion signatures seen at middle altitudes
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 591‐594, doi: 10.1029/98GL00185 (1998)
📑 BibTex

163. E.P. Szuszczewicz, P. Blanchard, P. Wilkinson, G. Crowley, T. Fuller‐Rowell, P. Richards, M. Abdu, T. Bullet, R. Hanbaba, J.P. Lebreton, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, G. Millward, M. Wild, S. Puinets, B.M. Reddy, I. Stanislawska, G. Vannaroni and B. Zolesti
The first real‐time world‐wide ionospheric prediction network: an advance in support of spacebourne experimentation, on‐line model validation and space weather
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 449‐452, doi: 10.1029/97GL03279 (1998)
📑 BibTex

162. M. Lockwood
Identifying the open‐closed field line boundary
in "Polar Cap Boundary Phenomena ", ed. J. Moen, A. Egeland and M. Lockwood,
NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 509, pp. 73‐90, Kluwer, Dordrecht, doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-5214-3_7 (1998)
📑 BibTex

161. M. Lockwood, S.A. Fuselier, A.D.M. Walker, and F. Sörass
A summary of the NATO ASI on polar cap boundary phenomena
in "Polar Cap Boundary Phenomena ", ed. J. Moen, A. Egeland and M. Lockwood,
NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 509, pp. 415‐432, Kluwer, Dordrecht, doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-5214-3_32 (1998)
📑 BibTex

1997

160. M. Lockwood
Solar Wind‐Magnetosphere Coupling
in
“Incoherent Scatter: Theory, Practice and Science”
ed. D. Alcayde, Technical Report 97/53, EISCAT Scientific Association, Kiruna. (also RAL report RAL‐95‐P‐100) (1997)
📑 BibTex

159. T.G. Onsager and M. Lockwood
High‐latitude particle precipitation and its relationship to magnetospheric source regions
Space Sci. Rev., 80, 77‐107, doi: 10.1023/A:1004925720793 (1997)
📑 BibTex

158. M. Lockwood
Energy and pitch angle dispersions of LLBL/cusp ions seen at middle altitudes: predictions by the open magnetosphere model
Annales Geophys., 15 , 1501‐1514, doi: 10.1007/s00585-997-1501-4 (1997)
📑 BibTex

157. S.W.H. Cowley and M. Lockwood
Incoherent scatter radar observations related to magnetospheric dynamics
Adv. in Space Res., 20 (4/5), 873‐882, doi: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00495-X (1997)
📑 BibTex

156. M. Lockwood
Testing Substorm Theories: The Need For Multipoint Observations
Adv. in Space Res. , 20 (4/5), 883‐ 894, doi: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00496-1 (1997)
📑 BibTex

155. M. Lockwood and H.J. Opgenoorth
Foreword
ESA SP‐1198, Satellite‐Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. vii‐xi, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1997)
📑 BibTex

154. H.J. Opgenoorth, M.A.L. Persson, M. Lockwood, R. Stamper, M.N. Wild, R. Pellinen, T. Pulkkinen, K. Kauristie, T. Hughes, and Y. Kamide
A new family of geomagnetic disturbance indices
ESA SP‐1198, Satellite‐Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 49‐62, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1997)
📑 BibTex

153. M.N. Wild and M. Lockwood
The Cluster‐Ground Based Data Centre at RAL
ESA SP‐1198, Satellite‐Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 361‐366, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1997)
📑 BibTex

152. R. Stamper, M.N. Wild, M. Lockwood and S. Wallman
An on‐line directory facility of STP
ESA SP‐1198, Satellite‐Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 367‐387, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1997)
📑 BibTex

151. I.W. McCrea and M. Lockwood
Incoherent Scatter Radars
ESA SP‐1198, Satellite‐Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 239‐266, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1997)
📑 BibTex

150. M. Lockwood and H.J. Opgenoorth
Principles of combined ground‐based and satellite studies of solar‐terrestrial phenomena,
ESA SP‐1198 Satellite‐Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 3‐14, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1997)
📑 BibTex

149. H.J. Opgenoorth and M. Lockwood
Opportunities for magnetospheric research with co‐ordinated Cluster and ground‐based observations
Space Sci. Rev., 79, 599‐637, doi: 10.1023/A:1004910721860 (1997)
📑 BibTex
also in "The Cluster and Phoenix Missions", ed. C.P. Escoubet, C.T. Russell, and R. Schmidt, Springer, Netherlands}, pp.599‐637, doi:10.1007/978-94-011-5666-0 (1997)
📑 BibTex

148. M. Lockwood
The relationship of dayside auroral precipitations to the open‐closed separatrix and the pattern of convective flow
J. Geophys. Res., 102, 17475‐17487, doi: 10.1029/97JA01100 (1997)
📑 BibTex

147. C.J. Davis, M.N. Wild, M. Lockwood and Y.K. Tulunay
Ionospheric and geomagnetic response to changes in IMF Bz: a super‐posed epoch study
Annales Geophys., 15 , 217‐230, doi: 10.1007/s005850050435 (1997)
📑 BibTex

146. M. Lockwood and M.A. Hapgood
How the Magnetopause Transition Parameter Works
Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 373‐376, doi: 10.1029/97GL00120 (1997)
📑 BibTex

145. M. Lockwood
Cluster´s last stand?
Astron. and Geophys., 38(1), 21‐25, doi: 10.1093/astrog/38.1.21 (1997)
📑 BibTex

1996

144. C.J. Davis and M. Lockwood
Predicted signatures of pulsed reconnection in ESR data
Annales Geophys., 14, 1246‐1256, doi: 10.1007/s005850050387 (1996)
📑 BibTex

143. J. Moen, D. Evans, H.C. Carlson and M. Lockwood
Dayside moving auroral transients related to LLBL dynamics
Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 3247‐3250, doi: 10.1029/96GL02766 (1996)
📑 BibTex

142. M. Lockwood and J. Moen
Ion populations on open field lines within the low‐latitude boundary layer: theory and observations during a dayside transient event
Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2895‐2898, doi: 10.1029/96GL02761 (1996)
📑 BibTex

141. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley and T.G. Onsager
Ion acceleration at both the interior and exterior Alfvén waves associated with the magnetopause reconnection site: signatures in cusp precipitation
J. Geophys. Res., 101, 21501‐21515, doi: 10.1029/96JA01948 (1996)
📑 BibTex

140. N.G.J. Gazey, M. Lockwood, M. Grande, C.H. Perry, P.N. Smith, S. Coles, A.D. Aylward R.J. Bunting, H. Opgenoorth and B. Wilken
658; EISCAT/CRRES observations: nightside ionospheric ion outflow and oxygen‐rich substorm injections
Annales Geophys., 14 , 1032‐1043, doi: 10.1007/s005850050364 (1996)
📑 BibTex

139. M. Lockwood and C.J. Davis
On the longitudinal extent of magnetopause reconnection bursts
Annaes Geophys., 14, 865‐878, doi: 10.1007/s00585-996-0865-1 (1996)
📑 BibTex

138. M.F. Smith and M. Lockwood
The Earth's magnetospheric cusps
Rev. Geophys., 34 (2), 233‐260, doi: 10.1029/96RG00893 (1996)
📑 BibTex

137. M. Lockwood
The case for transient magnetopause reconnection
EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 77(26), 246‐250, doi: 10.1029/96EO00175 (1996)
📑 BibTex

136. H. Lühr, M. Lockwood, P.A. Sandholt, T.L. Hansen and T. Moretto
Multi‐instrument ground‐based observations of a Travelling Convection Vortex event
Annales Geophys., 14, 162‐181, doi: 10.1007/s00585-996-0162-z (1996)
📑 BibTex

135. M. Lockwood and C.J. Davis
An analysis of the accuracy of magnetopause reconnection rate variations deduced from cusp ion dispersion characteristics
Annales Geophys., 14, 149‐161, doi: 10.1007/s00585-996-0149-9 (1996)
📑 BibTex

134. S.W.H. Cowley and M. Lockwood
Time‐dependent flows in the coupled solar wind‐magnetosphere‐ionosphere system
Adv. Space Res. 18, (8)141‐(8)150, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(95)00972-8 (1996)
📑 BibTex

133. J. Moen, M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, U.P. Løvhaug, W,F. Denig, A.P van Eyken, and A. Egeland
Variability of dayside high‐latitude convection associated with a sequence of auroral transients
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 58, 85-96, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(95)00021-6 (1996)
📑 BibTex

1995

132.J. Moen, P.E. Sandholt, M. Lockwood, W.F. Denig, U.P. Løvhaug, B. Lybekk, A. Egeland, D. Opsvik, and E. Friis-Christensen
Events of enhanced convection and related dayside auroral activity
J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23917-23934, doi: 10.1029/95JA02585 (1995)
📑 BibTex

131. M. Lockwood, C.J. Davis, M.F. Smith, T.G. Onsager, and W.F Denig,
The location and characteristics of the reconnection X‐l ine deduced from low‐altitude satellite and ground‐based observations: 2. DMSP and EISCAT radar data
J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21803‐21814, doi: 10.1029/95JA01339 (1995)
📑 BibTex

130. M. Lockwood
The location and characteristics of the reconnection X‐line deduced from low‐altitude satellite and ground‐based observations: 1. Theory
J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21791‐21802, doi: 10.1029/95JA01340 (1995)
📑 BibTex

129. M. Lockwood
Ground‐Based and Satellite Observations of the Cusp: Evidence for Pulsed Magnetopause Reconnection.
in "Physics of the magnetopause", ed. P. Song, B.U.O. Sonnerup and M.F. Thomsen, American Geophysical Union Monograph 90, 417‐426, doi: 10.1029/GM090p0417(1995)
reprint from publisher
📑 BibTex

128. M. Lockwood and H.J. Opgenoorth
Opportunities for magnetospheric research using EISCAT/ESR and CLUSTER
J. Geoelect. Geomag., 47, 699‐721, doi: 10.5636/jgg.47.699 (1995)
📑 BibTex

127. N.J. Fox, M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, V.N. Davda, G. Enno, E. Friis‐Christensen, R.A. Greenwald, M. Kivelson, M. Lester, H. L hr, D.K. Milling, J.S. Murphree, M. Pinnock and G.D. Reeves
A comparison of Freja auroral images with substorm cycle observations
in "Substorms 2", Proc. 2nd. Int. Conf. on substorms, 421‐428, Geophysical Institute, Fairbanks, Alaska (1995)
📑 BibTex

126. M. Lockwood
Large‐scale fields and flows in the magnetosphere‐ionosphere system
Surveys in Geophysics, 16, 389‐441, doi: 10.1007/BF01044574 (1995)
Reporter view, presented to Commission III of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy at 7th IAGA Scientific Assembly, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 1993 📑 BibTex

125. N.G.J. Gazey, M. Lockwood, P.N. Smith, S. Coles, R.J. Bunting, M. Lester, A.D. Aylward, T.Y. Yeoman and H. Lühr
The development of substorm cross‐tail current disruption as seen from the ground
J. Geophys. Res., 100, 9633‐9648, doi: 10.1029/94JA02322 (1995)
📑 BibTex

124. M. Lockwood
Overlapping cusp ion injections: an explanation invoking magnetopause reconnection
Geophys. Res. Lett, 22, 1141‐1144, doi: 10.1029/95GL00811 (1995)
📑 BibTex

123. M. Lockwood, S,W.H. Cowley, M.F. Smith, R.P. Rijnbeek and R.C. Elphic
The contribution of flux transfer events to convection
Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1185‐1188, doi: 10.1029/95GL01008 (1995)
📑 BibTex

122. L.A. Weiss, P.H. Reiff, E.J. Weber, H.C. Carlson, M. Lockwood and W.K. Peterson
Flow‐aligned jets in the magnetospheric cusp: results from the Geospace Environment Modelling pilot programme
J. Geophys. Res., 100, 7649‐7660, doi: 10.1029/94JA03360 (1995)
📑 BibTex

121. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, P.E. Sandholt and U.P. Løvhaug
Causes of plasma flow bursts and dayside auroral transients: an evaluation of two models invoking reconnection pulses and changes in the Y component of the magnetosheath field
J. Geophys. Res. 100, 7613‐7626, doi: 10.1029/94JA02264 (1995)
📑 BibTex

120. M. Lockwood and C.J. Davis
The occurrence probability, width and number of steps of cusp precipitation for fully pulsed reconnection at the dayside magnetopause
J. geophys. Res. 100, 7627‐7640, doi: 10.1029/94JA02197 (1995)
📑 BibTex

119. M. Lester, M. Lockwood, T.K. Yeoman, S.W.H. Cowley, H. L hr, R. Bunting and C.J. Farrugia
The response of ionospheric convection in the polar cap to substorm activity
Ann. Geophys. 13, 147‐158, doi: 10.1007/s00585-995-0147-3 (1995)
📑 BibTex

118. M.A. Hapgood and M. Lockwood
Rapid changes in LLBL thickness
Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 77‐80, doi: 10.1029/94GL02835 (1995)
📑 BibTex

1994

117. M. Lockwood, T.G. Onsager, C.J. Davis, M.F. Smith and W.F Denig
The characteristics of the magnetopause reconnection X‐line deduced from low‐altitude satellite observations of cusp ions
Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2757‐2760, doi: 10.1029/94GL02696 (1994)
Correction
📑 BibTex

116. M. Lockwood and H.C. Carlson, Jr.
Reply: ionospheric effects of transient magnetopause reconnection
Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2337‐2338, doi: 10.1029/93GL03390 (1994)
📑 BibTex

115. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley and M.F. Smith
Comment on "By fluctuations in the magnetosheath and azimuthal flow velocity transients in the dayside ionosphere" by Newell and Sibeck
Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1819‐1820, doi: 10.1029/94GL01360 (1994)
📑 BibTex

114. N.J. Fox, M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, M.P. Freeman, E. Friis‐Christensen, D.K. Milling, M. Pinnock and G.D. Reeves
EISCAT observations of unusual flows in the morning sector associated with weak substorm activity
Annales Geophys. 12, 541‐553, doi: doi: 10.1007/s00585-994-0541-2 (1994)
📑 BibTex

113. J. Moen, P.E. Sandholt, M. Lockwood, A. Egeland and K. Fukui
Multiple discrete arcs on sunward convecting field lines in the 14‐15 MLT region
J. geophys. Res. 99, 6113‐6123, doi: 10.1029/93JA03344 (1994)
📑 BibTex

112. M. Lockwood
Ionospheric signatures of pulsed magnetopause reconnection
in "Physical signatures of magnetopause boundary layer Processes", ed. J.A. Holtet and A. Egeland, NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 425, Kluwer, 229‐243, doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-1052-5_16 (1994)
📑 BibTex

111. M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
Low– and mid–altitude cusp particle signatures for general magnetopause reconnection rate variations: I ‐ Theory
J. Geophys. Res., 99, 8531‐8555, doi: 10.1029/93JA03399 (1994)
📑 BibTex

110. M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
Comment on "Ionospheric signatures of dayside magnetopause transients: a case study using satellite and ground measurements" by Denig et al.
J. Geophys. Res., 99, 4253‐4255, doi: 10.1029/93JA02737 (1994)
📑 BibTex

1993

109. D.J. Knipp, B.A. Emery, A.D. Richmond, N.U. Crooker, M.R. Hairston, J.A. Cumnock, W.F. Denig, F.J. Rich, O. de la Beaujardiere, J.M. Ruohoniemi, A.S. Rodger, G. Crowley, B.‐H. Ahn, D.S. Evans, T.J. Fuller‐Rowell, E. Friis‐Christiansen, M. Lockwood, H. Kroehl, C. McClennan, A. McEwin, R.J. Pellinen, R.J. Morris, G.B. Burns, V. Papitashvili, A. Zaitzev, O. Troshichev, N. Sato, P. Sutcliffe, L. Tomlinson,
Ionospheric convection response to strong, slow variations in a northward interplanetary magnetic field: A case study for January 14(1988)
J. Geophys. Res., 98, 19,273‐19,292, doi: 10.1029/93JA01010 (1993)
📑 BibTex
📑 BibTex of correction

108. M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
Comment on "Mapping the dayside ionosphere to the magnetosphere according to particle precipitation characteristics " by Newell and Meng
Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1739‐1740, doi: 10.1029/93GL01967 (1993)
📑 BibTex

107. M. Lockwood, H.C. Carlson and P.E. Sandholt
The implications of the altitude of transient 630 nm dayside auroral emissions
J. geophys. Res., 98, 15571‐15587, doi: 10.1029/93JA00811 (1993)
📑 BibTex

106. M.F. Smith, F. Herrero, M. Hesse, D.N. Baker, P. Bochsler, P. Wurz, H. Balsiger, S. Chakrabarti, G. Erickson, D. Cotton, T.S. Stephen, C. Jamar, J.C. Gerard, S.A. Fuselier, A.G. Ghielmetti, S.B. Mende, W.K. Peterson, E.G. Shelley, R.D Vondrak, D.L. Gallagher, T.E. Moore, C. Pollock, R. Arnoldy, M. Lockwood and R. Gladstone
The High‐Latitude Ion Transport and Energetics (HI‐LITE) Explorer: A mission to investigate ion outflow from the high‐latitude ionosphere
Proc. S.P.I.E. (2008), "Instrumentation for Magnetospheric Imagery II", 40‐56, doi: 10.1117/12.147643(1993)
📑 BibTex

105. M. Lockwood, J. Moen, S.W.H. Cowley, A.D. Farmer, U.P. Løvhaug, H. L hr and V.N. Davda
Variability of dayside convection and motions of the cusp/cleft aurora
Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1011‐1014, doi: 10.1029/93GL00846 (1993)
📑 BibTex

104. M. Lockwood and M.N. Wild
On the quasi‐periodic nature of magnetopause flux transfer events
J. geophys. Res., 98, 5935‐5940, doi: 10.1029/92JA02375 (1993)
📑 BibTex

103. M. Lockwood
Modelling the high‐latitude ionosphere for time‐varying plasma convection
Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. H, 140, 91‐100, doi: 10.1049/ip-h-2.1993.0015 (1993)
📑 BibTex

102. M. Lockwood, I.W. McCrea, G.H. Millward, R.J. Moffett and H. Rishbeth
EISCAT observations of ion composition and temperature anisotropy in the high‐latitude F‐region
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 55, 895‐906, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(93)90029-X (1993)
📑 BibTex

101. M.A. Hapgood and M. Lockwood
On the voltage and distance across the low‐latitude boundary layer
Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 145‐148, doi: 10.1029/93GL00063 (1993)
📑 BibTex

100. M. Lockwood, W.F. Denig, A.D. Farmer, V.N. Davda, S.W.H. Cowley & H. Lühr
Ionospheric signatures of pulsed magnetic reconnection at the Earth's magnetopause
Nature, 361 (6411), 424‐428, doi: 10.1038/361424a0 (1993)
📑 BibTex

1992

99. M.A. Saunders, M.P. Freeman, D.J. Southwood, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood, J.C. Samson, C.J. Farrugia and T.J. Hughes
Dayside ionospheric convection changes in response to long period IMF oscillations: determination of the ionospheric phase velocity
J. Geophys. Res., 97, 19373‐19380, doi: 10.1029/92JA01383 (1992)
📑 BibTex

98. M. Lockwood and H.C. Carlson, Jr.
Production of polar cap electron density patches by transient magnetopause reconnection
Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 1731‐1734, doi: 10.1029/92GL01993 (1992)
📑 BibTex

97. M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
The variation of reconnection rate at the dayside magnetopause and cusp ion precipitation
J. Geophys. Res., 97, 14841‐14847, doi: 10.1029/92JA01261 (1992)
📑 BibTex

96. S.W.H. Cowley, J.P. Morelli, M.P. Freeman, M. Lockwood, and M.F. Smith
Excitation and decay of flows in the magnetosphere‐ionosphere system due to magnetic reconnection at the dayside magnetopause and in the geomagnetic tail
in "Substorms 1, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Substorms, ICS‐1", ed C. Mattock, ESA‐SP‐335, 117‐123, European Space Agency Publications, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1992)
📑 BibTex

95. M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
Ionospheric Convection and the substorm cycle
in “Substorms 1, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Substorms, ICS‐1”, ed C. Mattock, ESA‐SP‐335, 99‐109, European Space Agency Publications, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1992)
📑 BibTex

94. P.E. Sandholt, M. Lockwood, W.F. Denig, R.C. Elphic and S. Leontjev
Dynamical auroral structure in the vicinity of the polar cusp: multipoint observations during southward and northward IMF
Annales Geophys., 10, 483‐497 (1992)
📑 BibTex

93. M.F. Smith, M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
The statistical cusp: a simple flux transfer event model
Planet. Space Sci., 40, 1251‐1268, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(92)90082-Y (1992)
📑 BibTex

92. S.W.H. Cowley and M. Lockwood
Excitation and decay of solar‐wind driven flows in the magnetosphere‐ionosphere system
Annales Geophys., 10, 103‐115 (1992)
📑 BibTex

91. M. Lockwood and A. Coates
Blowing in the solar wind
New Scientist, 133, 1811, 25‐30, 7 March (1992)
📑 BibTex

1991

90. M. Lockwood
Requirements for co‐ordinated Cluster and ground‐based observations of the cusp
in "CLUSTER ‐ dayside polar cusp", ed. C.I Barron, ESA SP‐330, 203‐210, European Space Agency Publications, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1991)
📑 BibTex

89. S.W.H. Cowley, M.P. Freeman, M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
The ionospheric signature of flux transfer events
in "CLUSTER ‐ dayside polar cusp", ed. C.I. Barron, ESA SP‐330, 105‐112, European Space Agency Publications, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1991)
📑 BibTex

88. M. Lockwood
Incoherent scatter radar measurements of the cusp
in "CLUSTER ‐ dayside polar cusp", ed. C.I. Barron, ESA SP‐330, 57‐66, European Space Agency Publications, Nordvijk, The Netherlands (1991)
📑 BibTex

87. M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
Comment on "Ionospheric convection response to changing IMF direction" by Knipp et al.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 2173‐2174, doi: 10.1029/91GL02547 (1991)
📑 BibTex

86. M. Lockwood
The interconnection of the magnetic fields of the Earth and the sun
Endeavour, 15(3), 126‐132, doi: 10.1016/0160-9327(91)90156-6 (1991)
📑 BibTex

85. S.W.H. Cowley, J.P. Morelli, and M. Lockwood
Dependence of convective flows and particle precipitation in the high‐latitude dayside ionosphere on the X and Y components of the interplanetary magnetic field
J. geophys. Res., 96, 5557‐5564, doi: 10.1029/90JA02063 (1991)
📑 BibTex

84. M. Lockwood
Flux Transfer Events at the dayside magnetopause: Transient reconnection or magnetosheath pressure pulses?
J. geophys. Res., 96, 5497‐5509, doi: 10.1029/90JA02389 (1991)
📑 BibTex

83. M. Lockwood
The excitation of ionospheric convection
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 53, 177‐199, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(91)90103-E (1991)
📑 BibTex

82. M.A. Hapgood, G. Bowe, M. Lockwood, D.M. Willis, and Y. Tulunay
Variability of the interplanetary magnetic field at 1 A.U. over 24 years: 1963 – 1986
Planet. Space Sci., 39, 411‐423, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(91)90003-S (1991)
📑 BibTex

81. M. Lockwood
On flow reversal boundaries and cross‐cap potential in average models of high latitude convection
Planet. Space Sci., 39, 397‐409, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(91)90002-R (1991)
📑 BibTex

1990

80. P.E. Sandholt, M. Lockwood, B. Lybekk, and A.D. Farmer
Auroral bright spot sequence near 14 MLT: co‐ordinated optical and ion drift observations ‐ relationship with magnetopause boundary layer dynamics
J. Geophys. Res., 95, 21095‐21110, doi: 10.1029/JA095iA12p21095 (1990)
📑 BibTex

79. M.F. Smith, J.D. Winningham, J.A. Slavin, and M. Lockwood
DE 2 observations of filamentary currents at ionospheric altitudes
in "Physics of magnetic flux ropes", ed. C.T. Russell, E.R. Priest and L.C. Lee, Geophys. Monograph Ser. 58, 591‐598, AGU, Washington, D.C., doi: 10.1029/GM058p0591 (1990)
📑 BibTex

78. M.P. Freeman, C.J. Farrugia, S.W.H. Cowley, D.J. Southwood, M. Lockwood and A. Etemadi
The response of the magnetosphere‐ionosphere system to solar wind dynamic pressure variations
in "Physics of magnetic flux ropes", ed. C.T. Russell, E.R. Priest and L.C. Lee, Geophys. Monograph 58, 611‐618, AGU, Washington, D.C., doi: 10.1029/GM058p0611 (1990)
📑 BibTex

77. R.C. Elphic, M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, and P.E. Sandholt
Flux transfer events at the magnetopause and in the ionosphere
Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 2241‐2244, doi: 10.1029/GL017i012p02241 (1990)
📑 BibTex

76. G.A. Bowe, M.A. Hapgood, M. Lockwood, and D.M. Willis
Variability of solar wind number density, speed and dynamic pressure as a function of the interplanetary magnetic field components: a survey over two solar cycles
Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1825‐1828, doi: 10.1029/GL017i011p01825 (1990)
📑 BibTex

75. P.E. Sandholt and M. Lockwood
Periodic auroral events at the high latitude convection reversal in the 16 MLT region
Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1877‐1880, doi: 10.1029/GL017i011p01877 (1990)
📑 BibTex

74. R.M. Robinson, C.R. Clauer, O. de la Beaujardiere, J.D. Kelly, E. Friis‐Christensen and M. Lockwood
Sondrestrom and EISCAT radar observations of poleward‐moving auroral forms
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 52, 411‐420, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(90)90040-T (1990)
📑 BibTex

73. K.J. Winser, M. Lockwood, G.O.L. Jones, H. Rishbeth, and M.G. Ashford
Measuring ion temperatures and studying the ion‐energy balance in the high‐latitude ionosphere
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 52, 501‐518, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(90)90049-S (1990)
📑 BibTex

72. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, P.E. Sandholt, and R. P. Lepping
The ionospheric signatures of flux transfer events and solar wind dynamic pressure changes
J. geophys. Res., 95, 17, 113-17, 136, doi: 10.1029/JA095iA10p17113 (1990)
📑 BibTex

71. J.G. Keating, F.J. Mulligan, D.B. Doyle, K.J. Winser and M. Lockwood
A statistical survey of large field‐aligned flows of thermal ions at high latitudes
Planet. Space Sci., 38, 1187‐1202, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(90)90026-M (1990)
📑 BibTex

70. M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, A.D. Farmer, S.W.H. Cowley, B. Lybekk, and V.N. Davda
Auroral and plasma flow transients at magnetic noon
Planet. Space Sci., 38, 973‐993, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(90)90043-P (1990)
📑 BibTex

69. M.F. Smith and M. Lockwood
The pulsating cusp
Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1069‐1072, doi: 10.1029/GL017i008p01069 (1990)
📑 BibTex

68. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, and M.P. Freeman
The excitation of plasma convection in the high latitude ionosphere
J. geophys Res., 95, 7961‐7971, doi: 10.1029/JA095iA06p07961 (1990)
📑 BibTex

67. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, and P.E. Sandholt
Transient reconnection - the search for ionospheric signatures
EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 71(20), 709‐720, doi: 10.1029/EO071i020p00709-02 (1990)
📑 BibTex

66. M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
Reply to Heikkila
Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 657‐658, doi: 10.1029/GL017i005p00657 (1990)
📑 BibTex

65. M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
Reply to Newell
Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 305‐306, doi: 10.1029/GL017i003p00305 (1990)
📑 BibTex

64. P.E. Sandholt, M. Lockwood, T. Oguti, S.W.H. Cowley, K.S.C. Freeman, A. Egeland, B. Lybekk and D.M. Willis
Midday auroral breakup events and related energy and momentum transfer from the magnetosheath
J. geophys. Res., 95, 1039‐1061, doi: 10.1029/JA095iA02p01039 (1990)
📑 BibTex

63. G.O.L. Jones, P.J.S. Williams, K.J. Winser, and M. Lockwood
Characteristics of the high‐latitude trough
Adv. in Space Res., 10, (6)191‐(6)196, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(90)90253-V (1990)
📑 BibTex

1989

62. M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, S.W.H. Cowley, and T. Oguti
Interplanetary magnetic field control of dayside auroral activity and the transfer of momentum across the dayside magnetopause
Planet. Space Sci., 37, 1347‐1365, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(89)90106-2 (1989)
📑 BibTex

61. K. Suvanto, M. Lockwood, K.J. Winser, A.D. Farmer, and B.J.I. Bromage
Analysis of incoherent Scatter Radar data from non‐thermal F‐region plasma
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 51, 483‐495, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(89)90088-3 (1989)
📑 BibTex

60. M. Lockwood and M.F. Smith
Low‐altitude signatures of the cusp and flux transfer events
Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 879‐882, doi: 10.1029/GL016i008p00879 (1989)
📑 BibTex

59. K.J. Winser, M. Lockwood, G.O.L. Jones, and K. Suvanto
Radar observations of non‐thermal plasma at different aspect angles
Adv. in Space Res., 9, (5)107‐(5)112, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(89)90347-5 (1989)
📑 BibTex

58. M. Lockwood, K. Suvanto, K.J. Winser, S.W.H. Cowley, and D.M. Willis
Incoherent scatter radar observations of non‐Maxwellian ion velocity distributions in the auroral F‐region
Adv. in Space Res., 9, (5)113‐(5)118, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(89)90348-7 (1989)
📑 BibTex

57. M. Lockwood, S.W.H Cowley, C.R. Clauer, H. Todd, S.R. Crothers, and D.M. Willis
Ion flows and heating at a contracting polar‐cap boundary: GISMOS observations indicating viscous‐like interaction on the flanks of the magnetotail
Adv. in Space Res., 9, (5)39‐(5)44, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(89)90337-2 (1989)
📑 BibTex

56. C.R. Clauer, J.D. Kelly, M. Lockwood, R.M. Robinson, J.M. Rouhoniemi, O. de la Beaujardiere and L. Hakkinen
June 1987 GISMOS experiment: preliminary report on high‐time resolution, multi‐radar measurements
Adv. in Space Res., 9, (5)29‐(5)33, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(89)90335-9 (1989)
📑 BibTex

55. K.J. Winser, G.O.L. Jones, P.J.S. Williams, and M. Lockwood
Observations of large field‐aligned flows of thermal plasma in the auroral ionosphere
Adv. in Space Res., 9, (5)57‐(5)63, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(89)90341-4 (1989)
📑 BibTex

54. K. Suvanto, M. Lockwood, K.J. Winser, A.D. Farmer, and B.J.I. Bromage
Analysis of incoherent scatter radar data from non‐Maxwellian F‐region plasma
Adv. in Space Res., 9, (5)103‐(5)106, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(89)90346-3 (1989)
📑 BibTex

53. C.J. Farrugia, M.P. Freeman, S.W.H. Cowley, D.J. Southwood, M. Lockwood and A. Etemadi
Pressure‐driven magnetopause motions and attendant response on the ground
Planet. Space Sci., 37, 589‐608, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(89)90099-8 (1989)
📑 BibTex

52. W. Kofman, K. Schlegel, U.P. Løvhaug, M. Lockwood, and K.J. Winser
Comment on “The effect of strong velocity shears on incoherent scatter spectra – a new interpretation of unusual high–latitude spectra”
Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 337‐338, doi: 10.1029/GL016i004p00337 (1989)
📑 BibTex

51. M. Lockwood and M.P. Freeman
Recent ionospheric observations relating to solar wind‐magnetosphere coupling
Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., A, 328, 93‐105, doi: 10.1098/rsta.1989.0026 (1989)
📑 BibTex

50. A. Etemadi, S.W.H. Cowley, and M. Lockwood
The effect of rapid changes in ionospheric flow on velocity vectors deduced from radar beam‐swinging experiments
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 51, 125‐138, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(89)90112-8 (1989)
📑 BibTex

49. M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, and S.W.H. Cowley
Dayside auroral activity and momentum transfer from the solar wind
Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 33‐36, doi: 10.1029/GL016i001p00033 (1989)
📑 BibTex

48. K. Suvanto, M. Lockwood, and T.J. Fuller‐Rowell
The influence of anisotropic F‐region ion velocity distributions on ionospheric ion outflows into the magnetosphere
J. geophys. Res., 94, 1347‐1358, doi: 10.1029/JA094iA02p01347 (1989)
📑 BibTex

47. K.J. Winser, M. Lockwood, G.O.L. Jones, and K. Suvanto
Observations on non‐thermal plasmas at different aspect angles
J. Geophys. Res., 94, 1439‐1449, doi: 10.1029/JA094iA02p01439 (1989)
📑 BibTex

1988

46. M. Lockwood and S.W.H. Cowley
Observations at the magnetopause and in the auroral ionosphere of momentum transfer from the solar wind
Adv. in Space Res., 8, (9/10)281‐(9/10)299, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(88)90142-1 (1988)
📑 BibTex

45. S. Quegan, R.S. Gill, and M. Lockwood
Comparisons between EISCAT observations and model calculations of the high latitude ionosphere
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 50, 1057‐1076, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(88)90095-5 (1988)
📑 BibTex

44. H. Todd, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood, D.M. Willis, and H. Lühr
Response time of the high‐latitude dayside ionosphere to sudden changes in the north‐south component of the IMF
Planet. Space Sci., 36, 1415‐1428, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(88)90008-6 (1988)
📑 BibTex

43. G.O.L. Jones, P.J.S. Williams, K. Winser, M. Lockwood, and K. Suvanto
Large plasma velocities along the magnetic field in the auroral zone
Nature, 336, 231‐232, doi: 10.1038/336231a0 (1988)
📑 BibTex

42. M. Lockwood and K.J. Winser
On the determination of ion temperature in the auroral F‐region ionosphere
Planet. Space Sci., 36, 1295‐1304, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(88)90080-3 (1988)
📑 BibTex

41. M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, H. Todd, D.M. Willis and C.R. Clauer
Ion flows and heating at a contracting polar cap boundary
Planet. Space Sci., 36, 1229‐1253, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(88)90076-1 (1988)
📑 BibTex

40. A.W. Yau and M. Lockwood
Vertical ion flow in the polar ionosphere
AGU Monograph, 44, 229‐240, doi: 10.1029/GM044p0229 (1988)
📑 BibTex

39. A. Etemadi, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood, B.J.I. Bromage, D.M. Willis, and H. Lü
The dependence of high‐latitude dayside ionospheric flows on the north‐south component of the IMF: a high time resolution correlation analysis using EISCAT "POLAR" and AMPTE UKS and IRM data
Planet. Space Sci., 36, 471‐498, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(88)90107-9 (1988)
📑 BibTex

38. M. Lockwood, M.F. Smith, C.J. Farrugia, and G.L. Siscoe
Ionospheric ion upwelling in the wake of Flux Transfer Events at the dayside magnetopause
J. geophys. Res., 93, 5641‐5654, doi: 10.1029/JA093iA06p05641 (1988)
📑 BibTex

37. H. Todd, S.W.H. Cowley, A. Etemadi, B.J.I. Bromage, M. Lockwood, D.M. Willis and H. L hr
Flow in the high‐latitude ionosphere: measurements at 15‐second resolution made using the EISCAT "POLAR" experiment
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 50, 423‐446, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(88)90026-8 (1988)
📑 BibTex

36. M. Lockwood, K. Suvanto, J.‐P. St‐Maurice, K. Kikuchi, B.J.I. Bromage, D.M. Willis, S.R. Crothers, H. Todd, and S.W.H. Cowley
Scattered power from non‐thermal, F‐region plasma observed by EISCAT ‐ evidence for coherent echoes
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 50, 467‐485, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(88)90029-3 (1988)
📑 BibTex

35. A.D. Farmer, M. Lockwood, T.J. Fuller‐Rowell, K. Suvanto and U.P. Løvhaug
Model predictions of the occurrence of non‐Maxwellian plasmas, and analysis of their effects on EISCAT data
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 50, 487‐499, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(88)90030-X (1988)
📑 BibTex

1987

34. K.J. Winser, M. Lockwood and G.O.L. Jones
Non‐thermal plasma observations using EISCAT: aspect angle dependence
Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 957‐960, doi: 10.1029/GL014i009p00957 (1987)
📑 BibTex

33. M. Lockwood and T.J. Fuller‐Rowell
Correction to "The modelled occurrence of non‐thermal plasma in the ionospheric F‐region and possible consequences for ion outflows into the magnetosphere"
Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 581‐582, doi: 10.1029/GL014i005p00581 (1987)
📑 BibTex

32. M. Lockwood and T.J. Fuller‐Rowell
The modelled occurrence of non‐thermal plasma in the ionospheric F‐region and possible consequences for ion outflows into the magnetosphere
Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 371‐374, doi: 10.1029/GL014i004p00371 (1987)
📑 BibTex

31. M. Lockwood, B.J.I. Bromage, R.B. Horne, J.‐P. St‐Maurice, D.M. Willis and S.W.H. Cowley
Non‐Maxwellian ion velocity distributions observed using EISCAT
Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 111‐114, doi: 10.1029/GL014i002p00111 (1987)
📑 BibTex

1986

30. M. Lockwood, A.P. van Eyken, B.J.I. Bromage, J.H. Waite, T.E. Moore and J.R. Doupnik
Low‐energy ion outflows from the ionosphere during a major cap expansion ‐ evidence for equatorward motion of inverted‐V structures
Adv. in Space Res., 6, (3)93‐(3)101, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(86)90321-2 (1986)
📑 BibTex

29. J.H. Waite, M. Lockwood, T.E. Moore, M.O. Chandler, J. Horwitz, and C.R. Chappell
Solar wind control of the geomagnetic mass spectrometer
in "Solar wind ‐ magnetosphere coupling", ed. Y. Kamide and J.A. Slavin, Terra Scientifica, 707‐716, doi: 10.1007/978-94-009-4722-1_48 (1986)
📑 BibTex

28. J.L Horwitz, M. Lockwood, J.H. Waite, Jr., T.E. Moore, C.R. Chappell and M.O. Chandler
Transport of accelerated lowenergy ions in the polar magnetosphere
in "Ion acceleration in the magnetosphere and ionosphere", ed. T. Chang, M.K. Hudson, J.R. Jasperse, R.G. Johnson, P.M. Kintner, and M. Schulz
AGU Monograph 38, 56‐60, doi: 10.1029/GM038p0056 (1986)
📑 BibTex

27. T.E. Moore, J.H. Waite, Jr., M. Lockwood and C.R. Chappell
Observations of coherent transverse ion acceleration
in "Ion acceleration in the magnetosphere and ionosphere", ed. T. Chang, M.K. Hudson, J.R. Jasperse, R.G. Johnson, P.M. Kintner, and M. Schulz
AGU Monograph 38, 50‐55, doi: 10.1029/GM038p0050 (1986)
📑 BibTex

26. J.H. Waite, Jr., T.E. Moore, M.O. Chandler, M. Lockwood, A. Persoon, and M. Suguira
Ion energization in upwelling ion events
in "Ion acceleration in the magnetosphere and ionosphere", ed. T. Chang, M.K. Hudson, J.R. Jasperse, R.G. Johnson, P.M. Kintner, and M. Schulz
AGU Monograph 38, 61‐67, doi: 10.1029/GM038p0061 (1986)
📑 BibTex

25. M. Lockwood
Low‐energy ion flows into the magnetosphere
Adv. in Space Res., 6, (3)63‐(3)77, doi: 10.1016/0273-1177(86)90318-2 (1986)
📑 BibTex

24. T.E. Moore, M. Lockwood, M.O. Chandler, J.H. Waite, Jr., C.R. Chappell, A. Persoon, and M. Sugiura
Upwelling O+ ion source characteristics
J. Geophys. Res., 91, 7019‐7031, doi: 10.1029/JA091iA06p07019 (1986)
📑 BibTex

23. D.M. Willis, M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley, A.P. van Eyken, B.J.I. Bromage, H. Rishbeth, P.R. Smith, and S.R. Crothers
A survey of simultaneous observations of the high‐latitude ionosphere and Interplanetary Magnetic Field with EISCAT and AMPTE‐UKS
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 48, 987‐1008, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(86)90071-1 (1986)
📑 BibTex

22. H. Todd, B.J.I. Bromage, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood, A.P. van Eyken, and D.M. Willis
EISCAT observations of bursts of rapid flow in the high latitude dayside ionosphere
Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 909‐912, doi: 10.1029/GL013i009p00909 (1986)
📑 BibTex

21. M. Lockwood, A.P. van Eyken, B.J.I. Bromage, D.M. Willis, and S.W.H. Cowley
Eastward propagation of a plasma convection enhancement following a southward turning of the interplanetary magnetic field
Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 72‐75, doi: 10.1029/GL013i001p00072 (1986)
📑 BibTex

1985

20. M. Lockwood, T.E. Moore, J.H. Waite, C.R. Chappell, J.L. Horwitz and R.A. Heelis
The geomagnetic mass spectrometer ‐ mass and energy dispersions of ionospheric ion flows into the magnetosphere
Nature, 316, 612‐613, doi: 10.1038/316612a0 (1985)
📑 BibTex

19. J.L. Horwitz and M. Lockwood
The cleft ion fountain: a two‐dimensional kinetic model
J. geophys. Res., 90, 9749‐9762, doi: 10.1029/JA090iA10p09749 (1985)
📑 BibTex

18. M. Lockwood, M.O. Chandler, J.L Horwitz, J.H. Waite, Jr., T.E. Moore, and C.R. Chappell
The cleft ion fountain
J. geophys. Res., 90, 9736‐9748, doi: 10.1029/JA090iA10p09736 (1985)
📑 BibTex

17. M. Lockwood, J.H. Waite, Jr., T.E. Moore, J.F.E. Johnson, and C.R. Chappell
A new source of suprathermal O+ ions near the dayside polar cap boundary
J. geophys. Res., 90, 4099‐4116, doi: 10.1029/JA090iA05p04099 (1985)
📑 BibTex

16. T.E. Moore, C.R. Chappell, M. Lockwood, and J.H. Waite, Jr.
Superthermal ion signatures of auroral acceleration processes
J. geophys. Res., 90, 1161‐1618, doi: 10.1029/JA090iA02p01611 (1985)
📑 BibTex

1984

15. M. Lockwood, A.D. Farmer, H.J. Opgenoorth, and S.R. Crothers
EISCAT observations of plasma convection and the high‐latitude, winter F‐region during substorm activity
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 46, 489‐499, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(84)90067-9 (1984)
📑 BibTex

14. A.D. Farmer, M. Lockwood, R.B. Horne, B.J.I. Bromage, and K.S.C. Freeman
Field‐perpendicular and field‐aligned plasma flows observed by EISCAT during a prolonged period of northward IMF
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 46, 473‐488, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(84)90066-7 (1984)
📑 BibTex

13. M. Lockwood
Thermospheric control of the auroral source of O+ ions for the magnetosphere
J. geophys. Res., 89, 301‐315, doi: 10.1029/JA089iA01p00301 (1984)
📑 BibTex

12. M. Lockwood
Simplified estimation of ray‐path mirroring height for HF radio waves reflected from the ionospheric F‐region
Proc. I.E.E.‐F, 131, 117‐125, doi: 10.1049/ip-f-1.1984.0020 (1984)
📑 BibTex

1983

11. M. Lockwood
A simple M‐factor algorithm for improved estimation of the basic maximum usable frequency of radio waves reflected from the ionospheric F region
Proc. IEE ‐ F, 130, 296‐302, doi: 10.1049/ip-f-1.1983.0049 (1983)
📑 BibTex

10. M. Lockwood
Simplified evaluation of propagation characteristics for HF radiowaves reflected from the ionospheric F2 layer
IEE Conf. Publ. 219, Part 2 (Propagation), 233‐237 (1983)
📑 BibTex

9. M. Lockwood
Field‐aligned plasma flow in the quiet mid‐latitude ionosphere deduced from topside soundings
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 45, 1-14, doi: 10.1016/S0021-9169(83)80002-6 (1983)
📑 BibTex

1982

8. M. Lockwood
Thermal ion flows in the topside auroral ionosphere and the effects of low‐altitude, transverse acceleration
Planet. Space Sci., 30, 595‐609, doi: 10.1016/0032-0633(82)90168-4 (1982)
📑 BibTex

7. P.A. Bradley and M. Lockwood
Simplified estimation of HF sky‐wave mode reliability
IEE Conf. Publ. 206, 60‐64 (1982)
📑 BibTex

6. M. Lockwood and J.E. Titheridge
Departures from diffusive equilibrium in the topside F‐layer from satellite soundings
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 44, 425‐440, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(82)90049-6 (1982)
📑 BibTex

1981

5. M. Lockwood
A simple model of the effects of the mid‐latitude total ion trough in the bottomside F layer on HF radiowave propagation
Radio Sci., 16, 385‐391, doi: 10.1029/RS016i003p00385 (1981)
📑 BibTex

4. M. Lockwood and J.E. Titheridge
Ionospheric origin of magnetospheric O+ ions
Geophys. Res. Lett., 8, 381‐384, doi: 10.1029/GL008i004p00381 (1981)
📑 BibTex

1980

3. P.A. Bradley and M. Lockwood
Ionospheric predictions for HF radi3_Bradley_and_Lockwood_1980o systems: the future
AGARD Conf. Proc. 295, (32)1‐(32)13 (1980)
Proceedings of the 27th Meeting of the Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Panel of NATO/AGARD, held at Pozzuoli, Italy on 28-31 October, 1980
Proceedings available here
📑 BibTex

2. M. Lockwood and V.B. Mitchell
Oblique HF radiowave propagation in the main trough region of the ionosphere
Rad. and Elect. Eng., 50, 559‐566, doi: 10.1049/ree.1980.0082 (1980)
📑 BibTex

1. M. Lockwood
The bottomside mid‐latitude ionospheric trough
J. atmos. terr. Phys., 42, 605‐615, doi: 10.1016/0021-9169(80)90095-1 (1980)
📑 BibTex


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